Konstantinos Markakis

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Thyroid hormone (TH) is critical for tissue differentiation at early stages of development, induces physiological hypertrophy and regulates the expression of important contractile proteins such as myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform and calcium cycling proteins. Furthermore, TH seems to control the response to stress by regulating important cardioprotective(More)
It is now recognized that changes occurring during cardiac remodeling may influence the tolerance of the myocardium to ischemic stress. Therefore, the present study investigated the response of the post-infarcted heart to ischemia in an experimental model of ischemia and reperfusion injury and the possible underlying mechanisms. Acute myocardial infarction(More)
BACKGROUND Ozone and PM₂.₅ are current risk factors for premature death all over the globe. In coming decades, substantial improvements in public health may be achieved by reducing air pollution. To better understand the potential of emissions policies, studies are needed that assess possible future health impacts under alternative assumptions about future(More)
Thyroid hormone (TH) is critical in cardiac cell differentiation (regulating contractile proteins and cell geometry) and this effect could be potentially exploited therapeutically in reversing the process of de-differentiation which underlies postischemic cardiac remodeling. Acute myocardial infarction was induced in male Wistar rats by ligating left(More)
The present study investigated whether changes in thyroid hormone (TH) signalling can occur after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with possible physiological consequences on myocardial performance. TH may regulate several genes encoding important structural and regulatory proteins particularly through the TR alpha 1 receptor which is predominant in the(More)
Surface ozone concentrations at Istanbul during a summer episode in June 2008 were simulated using a high resolution and urban scale modeling system coupling MM5 and CMAQ models with a recently developed anthropogenic emission inventory for the region. Two sets of base runs were performed in order to investigate for the first time the impact of biogenic(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac remodeling of viable myocardium occurs after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and further contributes to cardiac dysfunction. The present study explored whether thyroid hormone (TH) administered shortly after AMI in rats can attenuate cardiac remodeling and improve cardiac function. TH regulates important structural and regulatory(More)
To further investigate the mechanisms by which the antineoplastic agent cisplatin interferes with immune function, we studied its effect on the biosynthesis of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and its alpha-chain receptor (IL-2Ralpha). Normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) were activated in vitro with phytohemagglutinin (PHA), and anti-CD3 antibody in the(More)
Forty-four elements (Al, Sb, As, Ba, Be, B, Br, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Eu, Ga, Au, Hf, In, Ir, Fe, La, Lu, Mn, Hg, Mo, Nd, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sm, Sc, Se, Ag, Sr, Ta, Tb, Tl, Th, Sn, W, U, V, Zn, Zr) have been determined in the dialysate for hemodialysis (HD) and fluids for hemofiltration (HF) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Multiple(More)
A grid-oriented Biogenic Emission Model (BEM) has been developed to calculate Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compound (NMVOC) emissions from vegetation in high spatial and temporal resolutions. The model allows the emissions calculation for any modeling domain covering Europe on the basis of: 1) the U.S. Geological Survey 1-km resolution land-use database, 2)(More)