Konstantinos Kamnitsas

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We propose a dual pathway, 11-layers deep, three-dimensional Convolutional Neural Network for the challenging task of brain lesion segmentation. The devised architecture is the result of an in-depth analysis of the limitations of current networks proposed for similar applications. To overcome the computational burden of processing 3D medical scans, we have(More)
We present our 11-layers deep, double-pathway, 3D Convolutional Neural Network, developed for the segmentation of brain lesions. The developed system segments pathology voxel-wise after processing a corresponding multi-modal 3D patch at multiple scales. We demonstrate that it is possible to train such a deep and wide 3D CNN on a small dataset of 28 cases.(More)
3D cardiac MR imaging enables accurate analysis of cardiac morphology and physiology. However, due to the requirements for long acquisition and breath-hold, the clinical routine is still dominated by multi-slice 2D imaging, which hamper the visualization of anatomy and quantitative measurements as relatively thick slices are acquired. As a solution, we(More)
In this paper, we propose DeepCut, a method to obtain pixelwise object segmentations given an image dataset labelled weak annotations, in our case bounding boxes. It extends the approach of the well-known GrabCut [1] method to include machine learning by training a neural network classifier from bounding box annotations. We formulate the problem as an(More)
Significant advances have been made towards building accurate automatic segmentation systems for a variety of biomedical applications using machine learning. However, the performance of these systems often degrades when they are applied on new data that differ from the training data, for example, due to variations in imaging protocols. Manually annotating(More)
Incorporation of prior knowledge about organ shape and location is key to improve performance of image analysis approaches. In particular, priors can be useful in cases where images are corrupted and contain artefacts due to limitations in image acquisition. The highly constrained nature of anatomical objects can be well captured with learning based(More)
When integrating computational tools, such as automatic segmentation, into clinical practice, it is of utmost importance to be able to assess the level of accuracy on new data and, in particular, to detect when an automatic method fails. However, this is difficult to achieve due to the absence of ground truth. Segmentation accuracy on clinical data might be(More)
PURPOSE As part of a program to implement automatic lesion detection methods for whole body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in oncology, we have developed, evaluated, and compared three algorithms for fully automatic, multiorgan segmentation in healthy volunteers. METHODS The first algorithm is based on classification forests (CFs), the second is based(More)