Konstantinos Gkouvatsos

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BACKGROUND Iron is utilized by several proteins as cofactor for major biological processes. However, iron may also harm cells by catalyzing the generation of free radicals and promoting oxidative stress. Acquisition, transport, utilization and storage of iron are tightly controlled to meet physiological needs and prevent excessive accumulation of the metal(More)
Hemojuvelin (Hjv) is a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) co-receptor involved in the control of systemic iron homeostasis. Functional inactivation of Hjv leads to severe iron overload in humans and mice due to marked suppression of the iron-regulatory hormone hepcidin. To investigate the role of Hjv in body iron sensing, Hjv-/- mice and isogenic wild type(More)
UNLABELLED Mutations of the HFE2 gene are linked to juvenile hemochromatosis, a severe hereditary iron overload disease caused by chronic hyperabsorption of dietary iron. HFE2 encodes hemojuvelin (Hjv), a membrane-associated bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) coreceptor that enhances expression of the liver-derived iron regulatory hormone hepcidin. Hjv is(More)
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality worldwide and predisposes to liver fibrosis and end-stage liver complications. Liver fibrosis is the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins, including collagen, and is considered as a wound healing response to chronic liver injury. Its(More)
Functional inactivation of HFE or hemojuvelin (HJV) is causatively linked to adult or juvenile hereditary hemochromatosis, respectively. Systemic iron overload results from inadequate expression of hepcidin, the iron regulatory hormone. While HJV regulates hepcidin by amplifying bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling, the role of HFE in the hepcidin(More)
Hemojuvelin (Hjv) is a membrane protein that controls body iron metabolism by enhancing signaling to hepcidin. Hjv mutations cause juvenile hemochromatosis, a disease of systemic iron overload. Excessive iron accumulation in the liver progressively leads to inflammation and disease, such as fibrosis, cirrhosis, or hepatocellular cancer. Fatty liver(More)
Chronic liver diseases (CLDs) represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In all etiologies of CLDs, staging of liver fibrosis is essential for both prognosis and management. Until a few years ago, liver biopsy was the only tool for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in patients with CLDs. However, liver biopsy is an invasive and costly(More)
The iron regulatory hormone hepcidin responds to both oral and parenteral iron. Here, we hypothesized that the diverse iron trafficking routes may affect the dynamics and kinetics of the hepcidin activation pathway. To address this, C57BL/6 mice were administered an iron-enriched diet or injected i.p. with iron dextran and analyzed over time. After 1 week(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health concern associated with major clinical complications, notably chronic liver disease that can progress with time to cirrhosis or even to hepatocellular carcinoma. The management of HBV-infected patients is complex and requires the close collaboration between the general practitioner and the(More)