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PURPOSE Carbonic anhydrases are proteins involved in the catalytic hydration of carbon dioxide to carbonic acid. Recent studies show that carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9) is up-regulated by hypoxia and that its immunohistochemical tissue distribution follows the distribution of the radiosensitizer pimonidazole (C. C. Wykoff et al., Cancer Res. 60: 7075-7083,(More)
BACKGROUND Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a multifunctional cytokine associated with cancer-related cachexia. In this study we evaluated serum levels of TNF-alpha in pancreatic cancer patients and investigated their relationships to cachexia. PATIENTS AND METHODS Serum TNF-alpha levels were determined in 63 patients with pancreatic cancer(More)
The Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by hamartomatous polyposis of the gastrointestinal tract, melanin pigmentation of the skin and mucous membranes, and an increased risk for cancer. The incidence of surgical complications in these patients is relatively rare, and correlates with the size and location of the polyps.(More)
This study evaluated the frequency and the prognostic significance of bax, bcl-2 and p53 proteins in stage B and C adenocarcinomas of the colon and rectum. Paraffin-embedded specimens from 268 patients with colorectal adenocarcinomas, treated with surgery, were assessed; of these 160 cases were Duke's stage B and 108 cases were Duke's stage C disease.(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS An incisionless endoscopic peroral transgastric approach to the peritoneal cavity has shown promise in animals as a potentially less invasive form of surgery. We present our experience with various endoscopic peroral transgastric procedures, reporting on the technical aspects and challenges that arose. MATERIALS AND METHODS The(More)
Alterations of c-erbB-2 (neu or HER-2) proto-oncogene have been associated with carcinogenesis and poor prognosis of breast cancer. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at codon 655 resulting in a G to A transition (Ile655Val) in the transmembrane domain-coding region of this gene has been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. This study(More)
BACKGROUND Unlike the functional outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery, which have been thoroughly studied, the effect of the surgery on olfactory performance and the relative predictive factors have not been adequately assessed by literature. Allergic rhinitis and aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) are examined as potential confounding factors(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intra-tumoural neoangiogenesis is an essential process for tumour progression. Although intensification of angiogenic pathways during cytotoxic therapy has been reported by a few experimental studies, the role of angiogenesis in response to radiotherapy is unclear. We recently reported an adverse effect of intense angiogenesis in the(More)
Fifty-two isolates of Acinetobacter spp. obtained from three Greek and one UK hospital, were studied using partial 16 S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis, repetitive extragenic palindromic sequence-based polymerase chain reaction (REP-PCR) mediated fingerprinting and DNA macro-restriction analysis. The aim was twofold: first, to discern the major differences(More)
INTRODUCTION Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology which may affect any part of the bowel. Fistulas are a common and often serious complication of Crohn's disease. The treatment for fistulizing Crohn's disease can be medical, surgical or a combination of the two. Recently, adalimumab, a fully human anti-tumor necrosis(More)