Konstantinos E Nikolaou

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BACKGROUND Angiopoietin-2, an angiogenic factor, causing destabilization and postnatal remodeling of blood vessels, is upregulated by hypoxia. We hypothesized that circulating Angiopoietin-2 levels might differ in intrauterine growth restricted and appropriate for gestational age fetuses and neonates, as the former have restricted growth and development and(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is failure of the fetus to achieve his or her intrinsic growth potential, due to anatomical/functional diseases or disorders in the feto-placental-maternal unit. Growth restriction successfully balances reduced oxygen delivery and consumption; however, chronic hypoxia is responsible for fetal blood flow redistribution(More)
BACKGROUND Intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) fetuses are those with estimated weight <10th customized centile, displaying signs of chronic malnutrition and hypoxia leading to brain sparing effect. Neurotrophins, [Nerve Growth Factor (NGF), Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), Neurotrophin-4 (NT-4)] are important for pre- and(More)
Neurotrophins (NTs), nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), NT-3, and NT-4 are of major importance in prenatal and postnatal brain development, due to their neuroprotective action. Developmental changes alter the neuronal responsiveness to certain NTs, which subsequently are variously expressed, to properly balance their(More)
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