Konstantinos Antonios Papadakis

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Recent advances in the drug treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have paralleled our understanding of the pathophysiology of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Several proinflammatory and immune-regulatory cytokines are upregulated in the mucosa of patients with IBD, and differences and similarities in the cytokine profiles of ulcerative(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Wireless capsule enteroscopy (WCE) offers the potential to directly visualize the entire small bowel and identify superficial lesions not detected by traditional endoscopy and radiography. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical utility of WCE in the evaluation of patients with known or suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Crohn's disease patients can be characterized by antibody responses against Crohn's disease-related bacterial sequence, Escherichia coli outer membrane porin C, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (oligomannan), and neutrophil nuclear antigens. Our aim was to determine whether expression of antibodies against Crohn's disease-related bacterial(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Antibody responses to certain microbial antigens define heterogeneous groups of Crohn's patients; multiple and high-level responses to these antigens are associated with aggressive clinical phenotypes. The flagellin, CBir1, identified by investigations in the C3H/HeJBir mouse model, has been identified as a dominant antigen capable of(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), collectively termed inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), represent chronic relapsing and remitting inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract that are characterized by leukocytic infiltration of the intestinal mucosa and submucosa. In CD, the inflammation is transmural and frequently associated with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Thymus-expressed chemokine (TECK) or CCL25) is selectively expressed in the small bowel (SB), where lamina propria lymphocytes (LPL) and intraepithelial leukocyte expressing the cognate chemokine receptor CCR9 predominate. We characterize the role of TECK and CCR9-expresing lymphocytes in small intestinal Crohn's disease. METHODS CCR9(More)
The anti-TNF-alpha antibody infliximab (Remicade) is highly effective in the treatment of Crohn's disease. A subset of patients experience allergic reactions as a result of antibodies to infliximab (ATIs). The purpose of the current study is to describe the safety and efficacy of adalimumab (Humira) in patients previously allergic or intolerant to(More)
PURPOSE Since infliximab has been approved for treatment of patients with refractory ulcerative colitis, surgeons will be increasingly faced with operating on patients who have failed therapy with this potent immunosuppressant. This study was designed to compare short-term complications in patients with ulcerative colitis who were treated with and without(More)
The chemokine receptor CCR9 is expressed on most small intestinal lamina propria and intraepithelial lymphocytes and on a small subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes. CCR9-expressing lymphocytes may play an important role in small bowel immunity and inflammation. We studied the phenotype and functional characteristics of CCR9(+) lymphocytes in blood from(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The clinical manifestations of Crohn's disease (CD) are diverse, ranging from fibrostenosing small-bowel disease to colon-predominant inflammation. These distinctions may represent genetic, immunologic, and microbial heterogeneity. NOD2 gene mutations in CD have been described recently and may alter innate immune responses. We hypothesized(More)