Konstantina S. Nikita

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Automatic segmentation of the arterial lumen from ultrasound images is an important task in clinical diagnosis. In this paper, the Hough transform (HT) was used to automatically extract straight lines and circles from sequences of B-mode ultrasound images of longitudinal and transverse sections, respectively, of the carotid artery. In 10 normal subjects,(More)
Valid risk stratification for carotid atherosclerotic plaques represents a crucial public health issue toward preventing fatal cerebrovascular events. Although motion analysis (MA) provides useful information about arterial wall dynamics, the identification of motion-based risk markers remains a significant challenge. Considering that the ability of a(More)
In this paper, a computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) system for the classification of hepatic lesions from computed tomography (CT) images is presented. Regions of interest (ROIs) taken from nonenhanced CT images of normal liver, hepatic cysts, hemangiomas, and hepatocellular carcinomas have been used as input to the system. The proposed system consists of two(More)
Retinal image registration is commonly required in order to combine the complementary information in different retinal modalities. In this paper, a new automatic scheme to register retinal images is presented and is currently tested in a clinical environment. The scheme considers the suitability and efficiency of different image transformation models and(More)
The aim of this paper is to present the current state of a four-dimensional simulation model of solid tumour growth and response to radiotherapy developed by our group. The most prominent points of the algorithms describing the fundamental biological phenomena involved are outlined. A specific application of the model to a selected clinical case of(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study is to define an optimally performing computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) architecture for the classification of liver tissue from non-enhanced computed tomography (CT) images into normal liver (C1), hepatic cyst (C2), hemangioma (C3), and hepatocellular carcinoma (C4). To this end, various CAD architectures, based on(More)
The P600 component of event-related potentials, believed to be generated by anterior cingulate gyrus and basal ganglia, is considered as an index of aspects of second-pass parsing processes of information processing, having much in common with working memory (WM) systems. Moreover, dysfunction of these brain structures as well as WM deficits have been(More)
The concept of in silico radiation oncology is clarified in this paper. A brief literature review points out the principal domains in which experimental, mathematical, and three-dimensional (3-D) computer simulation models of tumor growth and response to radiation therapy have been developed. Two paradigms of 3-D simulation models developed by our research(More)
SMARTDIAB is a platform designed to support the monitoring, management, and treatment of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), by combining state-of-the-art approaches in the fields of database (DB) technologies, communications, simulation algorithms, and data mining. SMARTDIAB consists mainly of two units: 1) the patient unit (PU); and 2) the(More)
Implant devices are used to measure biological parameters and transmit their results to remote off-body devices. As implants are characterized by strict requirements on size, reliability, and power consumption, applying the concept of cooperative communications to wireless body area networks offers several benefits. In this paper, we aim to minimize the(More)