Konstantina Katsarou

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been shown to actively replicate in cells of the immune system, altering both their function and cytokine expression. Naked nucleocapsids have been reported in the serum of infected patients. We investigated interference of recombinant non-enveloped capsid-like particles with signaling pathways in T cells. HCV non-enveloped(More)
Circulating 'free' non-enveloped Hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein has been demonstrated in HCV-infected patients, and HCV subgenomes with deletions of the envelope proteins have been previously identified. Initial studies from our laboratory, previously published, indicated that expression of HCV core in insect cells can direct the formation of(More)
Although HCV is an enveloped virus, naked nucleocapsids have been reported in the serum of infected patients. The HCV core particle serves as a protective capsid shell for the viral genome and recombinant in vitro assembled HCV core particles induce strong specific immunity. We investigated the post-binding mechanism of recombinant core particle uptake and(More)
The prototype foamy virus (PFV) is a nonpathogenic retrovirus that shows promise as a vector for gene transfer. The PFV (pre)genomic RNA starts with a long complex leader that can be folded into an elongated hairpin, suggesting an alternative strategy to cap-dependent linear scanning for translation initiation of the downstream GAG open reading frame (ORF).(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an RNA positive strand virus, member of the Flaviviridae family. The viral particle is composed of a capsid containing the genome, surrounded by E1 and E2 proteins, however different forms of viral particles have been observed including non-enveloped particles. Previous reports have proposed that hepatitis C non-enveloped(More)
Long non protein coding RNAs (lncRNAs) constitute a large category of the RNA world, able to regulate different biological processes. In this review we are focusing on infectious lncRNAs, their classification, pathogenesis and impact on the infected organisms. Here they are presented in two separate groups: 'dependent lncRNAs' (comprising satellites RNA,(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an RNA positive strand virus, member of the Flaviviridae family. The HCV viral particle is composed of a capsid containing the genome, surrounded by an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived lipid bilayer where E1 and E2 are assembled as heterodimers. However, different forms of viral particles have been identified in the serum of(More)
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L) is a natural host of Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) which can cause characteristic symptoms on developing plants including stunting phenotype and distortion of leaves and tubers. PSTVd is the type species of the family Pospiviroidae, and can replicate in the nucleus and move systemically throughout the plant. It is not well(More)
Viroids are self replicating non-coding RNAs capable of infecting a wide range of plant hosts. They do not encode any proteins, thus the mechanism by which they escape plant defenses remains unclear. RNAi silencing is a major defense mechanism against virus infections, with the four DCL proteins being principal components of the pathway. We have used(More)
Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) induces serious diseases in cucurbits. To create a tool to screen for resistance genes, we cloned a wild ZYMV isolate and inserted the visual marker Rosea1 to obtain recombinant clone ZYMV-Ros1. While in some plant-virus combinations Rosea1 induces accumulation of anthocyanins in infected tissues, ZYMV-Ros1 infection of(More)
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