Konstantin Nikolaou

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The purpose of this study was to test parallel imaging techniques for improvement of temporal resolution in multislice single breath-hold real-time cine steady-state free precession (SSFP) in comparison with standard segmented single-slice SSFP techniques. Eighteen subjects were examined on a 1.5-T scanner using a multislice real-time cine SSFP technique(More)
BACKGROUND Previously proposed classifications for carotid plaque and cerebral parenchymal hemorrhages are used to estimate the age of hematoma according to its signal intensities on T1w and T2w MR images. Using these classifications, we systematically investigated the value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in determining the age of vessel wall(More)
OBJECTIVES Phase-contrast imaging is a novel X-ray based technique that provides enhanced soft tissue contrast. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of visualizing human carotid arteries by grating-based phase-contrast tomography (PC-CT) at two different experimental set-ups: (i) applying synchrotron radiation and (ii) using a conventional(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Coronary computed tomography angiography has become the foremost noninvasive imaging modality of the coronary arteries and is used as an alternative to the reference standard, conventional coronary angiography, for direct visualization and detection of coronary artery stenoses in patients with suspected coronary artery disease.(More)
BACKGROUND Most of the carotid plaque MR studies have been performed using black-blood protocols at 1.5 T without parallel imaging techniques. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a multi-sequence, black-blood MR protocol using parallel imaging and a dedicated 4-channel surface coil for vessel wall imaging of the carotid arteries at 3 T. MATERIALS(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop prediction models that better estimate the pretest probability of coronary artery disease in low prevalence populations. DESIGN Retrospective pooled analysis of individual patient data. SETTING 18 hospitals in Europe and the United States. PARTICIPANTS Patients with stable chest pain without evidence for previous coronary artery(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography for monitoring the effects of regorafenib on experimental colon carcinomas in rats by quantitative assessments of tumor microcirculation parameters with immunohistochemical validation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Colon carcinoma xenografts (HT-29) implanted subcutaneously in female athymic(More)
The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of reader detection of 75% or greater stenosis at high-spatial-resolution multistation magnetic resonance (MR) angiography performed with matrix coils and a blood pool contrast agent. Ten healthy volunteers and 10 patients were examined. All participants provided informed(More)
BACKGROUND Components of carotid atherosclerotic plaques can reliably be identified and quantified using high resolution in vivo 3-Tesla CMR. It is suspected that lipid apheresis therapy in addition to lowering serum lipid levels also has an influence on development and progression of atherosclerotic plaques. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the(More)
Innovative strategies in cancer radiotherapy are stimulated by the growing knowledge on cellular and molecular tumor biology, tumor pathophysiology, and tumor microenvironment. In terms of tumor diagnostics and therapy monitoring, the reliable delineation of tumor boundaries and the assessment of tumor heterogeneity are increasingly complemented by the(More)