Konstantin Glazyrin

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Metallic osmium (Os) is one of the most exceptional elemental materials, having, at ambient pressure, the highest known density and one of the highest cohesive energies and melting temperatures. It is also very incompressible, but its high-pressure behaviour is not well understood because it has been studied so far only at pressures below 75 gigapascals.(More)
The structural behavior of Cr2O3 was investigated up to ~70 GPa using single-crystal X-ray diffraction under a quasi-hydrostatic pressure (neon pressure medium) at room temperature. The crystal structure remains rhombohedral with the space group R3c (No. 167) and upon compression the oxygen atoms approach an ideal hexagonal close-packing arrangement. An(More)
Sound velocities of bridgmanite measured in the laboratory are a key to deciphering the composition of the lower mantle. Here, we report Debye sound velocities determined using nuclear inelastic scattering (NIS) for one majorite composition (Mg0.82Fe0.18SiO3) and five bridgmanite compositions (Mg0.82Fe0.18SiO3, Mg0.86Fe0.14Si0.98Al0.02O3, Mg0.88Fe0.12SiO3,(More)
Iron can adopt different spin states in the lower mantle. Previous studies indicate that the dominant lower-mantle phase, magnesium silicate perovskite (which contains at least half of its iron as Fe(3+)), undergoes a Fe(3+) high-spin to low-spin transition that has been suggested to cause seismic velocity anomalies and a drop in laboratory-measured(More)
We discover that hcp phases of Fe and Fe(0.9)Ni(0.1) undergo an electronic topological transition at pressures of about 40 GPa. This topological change of the Fermi surface manifests itself through anomalous behavior of the Debye sound velocity, c/a lattice parameter ratio, and Mössbauer center shift observed in our experiments. First-principles simulations(More)
The diamond anvil cell (DAC) technique coupled with laser heating has become the most successful method for studying materials in the multimegabar pressure range at high temperatures. However, so far all DAC laser-heating systems have been stationary: they are linked either to certain equipment or to a beamline. Here, a portable laser-heating system for(More)
The diamond anvil cell (DAC) technique coupled with laser heating is a major method for studying materials statically at multimegabar pressures and at high temperatures. Recent progress in experimental techniques, especially in high-pressure single crystal X-ray diffraction, requires portable laser heating systems which are able to heat and move the DAC(More)
Detailed measurements of the magnetic and transport behavior of the two La(1-x)Ca(x)MnO(3) single crystals exhibiting colossal magnetoresistance are summarized. The x=0.21 sample exhibits unusual exponents (delta = 20+/-1, gamma = 1.71+/-0.1, beta = 0.09+/-0.01, T(C) = 182+/-1 K) and, more importantly, a Griffiths phase characterized by an exponent lambda =(More)
A detailed description is presented of the Extreme Conditions Beamline P02.2 for micro X-ray diffraction studies of matter at simultaneous high pressure and high/low temperatures at PETRA III, in Hamburg, Germany. This includes performance of the X-ray optics and instrumental resolution as well as an overview of the different sample environments available(More)
Developments in pulsed laser heating applied to nuclear resonance techniques are presented together with their applications to studies of geophysically relevant materials. Continuous laser heating in diamond anvil cells is a widely used method to generate extreme temperatures at static high pressure conditions in order to study the structure and properties(More)