Konrad Peter Weber

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BACKGROUND Quantitative head impulse test (HIT) measures the gain of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) during head rotation as the ratio of eye to head acceleration. Bedside HIT identifies subsequent catch-up saccades after the head rotation as indirect signs of VOR deficit. OBJECTIVE To determine the VOR deficit and catch-up saccade(More)
BACKGROUND The head impulse test (HIT) is a useful bedside test to identify peripheral vestibular deficits. However, such a deficit of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) may not be diagnosed because corrective saccades cannot always be detected by simple observation. The scleral search coil technique is the gold standard for HIT measurements, but it is not(More)
BACKGROUND The video head impulse test (vHIT) is a useful clinical tool to detect semicircular canal dysfunction. However vHIT has hitherto been limited to measurement of horizontal canals, while scleral search coils have been the only accepted method to measure head impulses in vertical canals. The goal of this study was to determine whether vHIT can(More)
BACKGROUND Electrical vestibular stimulation is believed to directly activate the vestibular afferents to mediate an electrically evoked vestibulo-ocular reflex (eVOR). Gentamicin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, induces vestibulotoxicity by hair cell damage and death. OBJECTIVE To determine if human eVOR is impaired by hair cell damage and death in(More)
The authors examined the effect of 3,4-diaminopyridine (DAP) on the gravity-dependent (GD) vertical ocular drift component of downbeat nystagmus in 11 patients with idiopathic cerebellar ataxia. With the head tilted downward (45 degrees ), DAP reduced slow phase velocity (SPV) in 7 of 11 patients by 36%. Its efficacy correlated with the GD modulation. DAP(More)
BACKGROUND/HYPOTHESIS The video Head Impulse Test (vHIT) is now widely used to test the function of each of the six semicircular canals individually by measuring the eye rotation response to an abrupt head rotation in the plane of the canal. The main measure of canal adequacy is the ratio of the eye movement response to the head movement stimulus, i.e., the(More)
Motor unit activity in human eye muscles during the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is not well understood, since the associated head and eye movements normally preclude single unit recordings. Therefore we recorded single motor unit activity following bursts of skull vibration and sound, two vestibular otolith stimuli that elicit only small head and eye(More)
BACKGROUND Parenteral antibiotic therapy with gentamicin, even in accepted therapeutic doses, can occasionally cause bilateral vestibular loss (BVL) due to hair cell toxicity. OBJECTIVE To quantify in patients with gentamicin vestibulotoxicity (GVT) the extent of acceleration gain deficit of the horizontal vestibulo-ocular reflex at different(More)
OBJECTIVE The video head impulse test (vHIT) is a useful clinical tool to detect semicircular canal dysfunction. However, so far, vHIT has been limited to measurement of the function of the horizontal semicircular canals. The goal of this study was to determine if vHIT can detect vertical semicircular canal dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN Horizontal and(More)
After acute vestibular loss in humans or animals, eye-movement responses to rapid horizontal ipsilesional head rotations ("head impulses") show that there is severe, permanent impairment of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex. The basis for this appears to be an inhibitory saturation of ipsilesional vestibular nerve, and perhaps vestibular nucleus(More)