Learn More
All available colloid volume substitutes carry the risk of anaphylactoid reactions. In a multicentre prospective trial, 69 cases of anaphylactoid reactions have been observed among 200 906 infusions of colloid volume substitutes. The frequency of severe reactions (shock, cardiac and/or respiratory arrest) was 0-003% for plasma-protein solutions, 0-006% for(More)
To date, most quantitative information on tumor angiogenesis, microcirculation, and transport has been derived from rodent tumors grown in transparent chamber preparations. In this paper we present a chamber technique adapted to immunodeficient mice for the study of human tumor xenografts. Microcirculatory parameters in severe combined immunodeficient mice(More)
Myocardial blood flow heterogeneity in shock and small-volume resuscitation in pigs with coronary stenosis. J. Appl. Physiol. 83(6): 1832-1841, 1997.-We analyzed the effects of shock and small-volume resuscitation in the presence of coronary stenosis on fractal dimension (D) and spatial correlation (SC) of regional myocardial perfusion. Hemorrhagic shock(More)
Adequate organ function requires adequate provision of cells with oxygen (O2). The driving force for O2-diffusion from ambient air to its site of consumption in cell mitochondria is the oxygen partial pressure (pO2) gradient along this pathway. After uptake in the lungs, O2 transport in blood is achieved (1) through binding to haemoglobin and (2) through(More)
The Cytoscan Model E-II (Cytometrics Inc., Philadelphia, Pa., USA) is a newly developed instrument which functions as an intravital microscope and is small and easily portable. Through the use of orthogonal polarization spectral (OPS) imaging, the Cytoscan Model E-II delivers images of the microcirculation which are comparable to those achieved with(More)
OBJECTIVE Changes of major cerebral vessels in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are well known from routine cerebral angiography. Data on changes in the microcirculation do not exist. This study sought to provide a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the cortical microcirculation after SAH. METHODS By means of orthogonal polarization(More)
Systemic sepsis and multiple organ failure are frequent and often fatal complications after major surgery and trauma. In contrast to the biphasic hemodynamic pattern characteristically seen in patients, most experimental animal models have failed to reproduce the early, hyperdynamic phase of sepsis and endotoxemia. We have designed a standardized model of(More)
Leukocyte rolling in post-capillary venules is mediated by adhesion molecules of the selectin family expressed on both leukocytes (L-selectin) and endothelial cells (E- and P-selectin). With the use of intravital fluorescence microscopy, the effects of antibodies against these selectins were analyzed in the skinfold chamber model of BALB/c mice and the ear(More)
Fluorescent microspheres (FM) have become an attractive alternative to radioactive microspheres (RM) for the measurement of regional blood flow (RBF). The aim of the present study was to investigate the comparability of both methods by measuring RBF with FM and RM. Eight anaesthetised pigs received simultaneous, left atrial injections of FM and RM with a(More)