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Acipenserid fish sperm possess trypsin-like activity, resembling acrosin activity of mammalian sperm, which can be measured by hydrolysis of N-alpha-benzoyl-DL-arginine p-nitroanilide (BAPNA) (Ciereszko et al., 1994: J Exp Zool 268:486-491). We found that this activity can be preserved when sperm is frozen on dry ice with 0.6 M sucrose-10% dimethylsulfoxide(More)
Spermatozoa and seminal plasma obtained from rainbow trout and whitefish were analyzed in respect to their aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT) and alkaline phosphatase activities. In particular, the experiments characterized AspAT optimum pH, optimization of assay conditions and action of coenzyme, pyridoxal 5-phosphate (vitamin B6). The effect of short-term(More)
Protein digestion products are transported from the intestinal lumen into the enterocyte both in the form of free amino acids (AAs), by a large variety of brush border membrane AA transporters, and in the form of di/tripeptides, by a single brush border membrane transporter known as PEPtide Transporter 1 (PEPT1). Recent data indicate that, at least in(More)
The ontogeny of ascorbic acid synthesis and its concentration in fetal pigs from mid- to late gestation, and the effect of birth order and premature or normal delivery ages were evaluated. In Experiment 1, fetal pigs were collected from three sows at 60, 80, 100, 107 and 111 d of development. Liver L-gulono-gamma-lactone oxidase (GLO) activity and ascorbic(More)
The objectives of this study were to examine the relationship between thiamine concentrations in unfertilized eggs and yolksac individuals of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush), along with any associated histopathological changes in the tissues of alevins at the hatching stage. We address these questions in a lake trout population from different spawning(More)
In a preceding study, complete substitution of fish meal protein with cottonseed meal (CM) protein did not affect the survival or growth rate of adult rainbow trout over a 6-mo period. Gossypol, a naturally occurring compound in cottonseeds, has an antifertility effect in terrestrial animals, but information regarding salmonid fish is lacking. Female(More)
We investigated the role of gossypol isomers binding to blood plasma, seminal plasma and spermatozoa to elucidate gossypol anti-fertility action in the teleost fish, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Growth and hematological indicators of males were depressed when fish meal protein in diets was completely replaced with cottonseed meal. The cottonseed(More)
In vitro studies of brush-border intestinal transport of dipeptides and cytoplasmic hydrolysis in fish suggest that these processes could be key mechanisms in the absorption and utilization of nutrients for growth. However, in vivo experimentation to study the nutritional importance of these processes was needed. We compared three dietary formulations based(More)
We have shown previously that diets in which the nitrogen portion is based on synthetic dipeptides (PP) resulted in weight gain by rainbow trout alevins when free amino acid (FAA) based diets did not. However, the protein-based diet used as a control in the previous study resulted in a significantly better performance of fish than peptide- or FAA based diet(More)
We studied the bioavailability of ascorbic acid ester, ascorbate polyphosphate, to juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish were fed molar equivalents of 0, 20, 40, 80, 160, 320 and 1280 mg ascorbic acid/kg diet in the form of ascorbate polyphosphate. During the 18 wk of the experiment, when body weight increase averaged 3.5-fold, we did not(More)