Konrad A Koch

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In 1971, Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) mounted a study of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) that compared the effects of the two steroid hormones dexamethasone and prednisone. Six-hundred-forty-six children and adolescents with ALL were randomized to receive either prednisone or dexamethasone as part of their remission induction therapy. The 493(More)
Two hundred and twenty-seven children with recurrent acute lymphoblastic leukemia were treated with various combinations of vincristine, prednisone, cyclophosphamide and L-asparaginase in an approach to the induction of remission. The combination of L-asparaginase 1,000 mu/kg iv q.d. x 10, vincristine 2.0 mg/m2iv q.w. x 4 and prednisone 40 mg/m2 p.o.q.d. x(More)
The metabolic enhancer piracetam is used in many countries to treat cognitive impairment in aging, brain injuries, as well as dementia such as AD (Alzheimer's disease). As a specific feature of piracetam, beneficial effects are usually associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. In previous studies we were able to show that piracetam enhanced ATP production,(More)
Bilobalide, an active constituent of Ginkgo biloba, has neuroprotective properties in experimental stroke models, but nearly all published studies were carried out in young animals. As ischemic strokes in humans are much more frequent in old age, we investigated bilobalide's effects in aged mice (age 18-22 month) using a model of transient ischemia induced(More)
tRNA-guanine transglycosylase (TGT) is the enzyme responsible for the post-transcriptional modification of specific tRNAs (those for Asn, Asp, His, and Tyr) with the hypermodified base, queuine. In Escherichia coli this enzyme catalyzes the exchange of guanine-34 in the anticodon with preQ1, which is subsequently further modified to queuine. There is(More)
Single long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)) are known for their neuroprotective properties associated with ischemic stroke. This pilot study aimed to test the effectiveness of an acute treatment with a long-chain omega-3 lipid emulsion (Omegaven 10%®, OGV) that contains fish oil (DHA 18 mg/ml; EPA(More)
tRNA-guanine transglycosylase (TGT) is the enzyme responsible for the posttranscriptional modification of specific tRNAs (Asn, Asp, His and Tyr) with queuine. In E. coli this modification occurs via a two-step reaction: (1) TGT-catalyzed base exchange of guanosine-34 with preQ1 (7-aminomethyl-7-deazaguanine) and (2) addition of a cyclopentenediol moiety to(More)
BACKGROUND Ketone bodies are known to substitute for glucose as brain fuel when glucose availability is low. Ketogenic diets have been described as neuroprotective. Similar data have been reported for triheptanoin, a fatty oil and anaplerotic compound. In this study, we monitored the changes of energy metabolites in liver, blood, and brain after transient(More)
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