Konosuke Yamasaki

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In Japan, the elderly population suffering from dementia is rapidly increasing. Several animal studies have indicated a relationship between reduced masticatory function in the elderly subject and cognitive impairment. However, epidemiological studies examining this have been scarce. Using an epidemiological approach, the present study investigated this(More)
The effect of GABA agonists on vagal efferent activity was studied in anesthetized rats. PCPGABA, a GABAB agonist (4 and 8 mg/kg, s.c.), markedly activated the neural efferent discharge of the vagus. Muscimol, a GABAA agonist (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg, i.v.), also facilitated vagal activity. Both agonists caused significant gastric acid hyperacidity. Bicuculline(More)
The effects of Vietnamese ginseng (VG) and its major constituent majonoside-R2 on pentobarbital-induced sleep and gastric lesion in psychologically stressed mice were examined. Psychological stress exposure for 30 min significantly decreased the duration of pentobarbital (50 mg/kg, IP)-induced sleep in mice. VG extract (50 mg/kg, PO), VG saponin (25 mg/kg,(More)
There are several reports suggesting that forward head posture is associated with temporomandibular disorders and restraint of mandibular growth, possibly due to mandibular displacement posteriorly. However, there have been few reports in which the condylar position was examined in forward head posture. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis(More)
Majonoside-R2 (MR2) is a major ocotillol-type saponin constituent of Vietnamese ginseng. We investigated the effect of MR2 on the social isolation stress-induced decrease in pentobarbital sleep in mice, and elucidated the possible involvement of neurosteroidal sites of the GABA(A) receptor complex in the pharmacological activity of MR2. MR2 (3.1-6.2 mg/kg,(More)
The effects of majonoside-R2 on antinociceptive responses caused by the mu-opioid receptor agonist morphine and the selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist U-50, 488H were examined by the tail-pinch test in mice. Intraperitoneal (IP) or intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of majonoside-R2 (3.1-6.2 mg/kg, IP or 5-10 micrograms/mouse, ICV) and diazepam(More)
Unilateral microinjection of serotonin (5-HT) into the solitary tract nucleus (STN) increased the amplitude of all electroencephalographic (EEG) waves ipsilateral to the site of injection. Unilateral STN blockage by lidocaine blocked the ipsilateral effect of 5-HT. Unilateral lesion of the area postrema (AP) increased the amplitude of the ipsilateral EEG in(More)
The effect of majonoside-R2 on morphine- and U-50,488H-induced antinociception was examined by the tail-pinch test in mice and compared with that of diazepam. Majonoside-R2 and diazepam inhibited the morphine- and U-50,488H-induced antinociception, and the actions were antagonized by the benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil and the GABA-gated CI-(More)
This study aimed to examine peripheral fatigue and the resultant damage to the masseter muscle due to prolonged low-frequency stimulation. Thirty male rats were divided into S1, S2, S4, Dantr and Sham groups. The left masseters were used as experimental muscles. A pair of stimulation electrodes was placed on the left masseter. A stimulating session included(More)