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BACKGROUND T cells play an important role during the immune response that accompanies atherosclerosis. To date, the role for interleukin (IL)-17A in atherogenesis is not well defined. Here, we tested the hypothesis that atherosclerosis-prone conditions induce the differentiation of IL-17A-producing T cells, which in turn promote atherosclerosis. METHODS(More)
Newly isolated serotypes of AAV readily cross the endothelial barrier to provide efficient transgene delivery throughout the body. However, tissue-specific expression is preferred in most experimental studies and gene therapy protocols. Previous efforts to restrict gene expression to the myocardium often relied on direct injection into heart muscle or(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) acts, in part, by triggering calcium ion (Ca(2+)) entry. Here, we sought understanding of a Synta66-resistant Ca(2+) entry pathway activated by VEGF. APPROACH AND RESULTS Measurement of intracellular Ca(2+) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells detected a Synta66-resistant component of VEGF-activated(More)
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