Konka Boku

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BACKGROUND & AIMS The phenomenon by which the gastric mucosa is protected in response to mild irritants has been called adaptive cytoprotection, a mechanism believed to be related to production of endogenous prostaglandins (PGs). We tested whether PGs generated by mild irritant prevent injury through the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)(More)
BACKGROUND Capsaicin acts specifically on primary afferent neurones to release neuropeptides, including calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and prevents ethanol-induced mucosal injury. AIM To investigate the microvascular changes in the gastric mucosa in response to ethanol using intravital microscopy to elucidate the mechanism of capsaicin-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Prostaglandin (PG)E2 has both a vasodilating action and a protective function in the gastric mucosa. There are four subtypes of PGE2-sensitive, or EP, receptors. AIM To identify the subtype of EP receptors in the microvessels of the rat gastric mucosa using EP2 and EP3 receptor agonists. METHODS The posterior wall of the anaesthetized rat(More)
A thirteen-year-old asymptomatic boy was referred to our hospital because of a cardiac murmur detected on a routine physical examination at school. A plane chest radiography showed increased vascular markings in the left lower field. An Aortogram revealed a large artery arising from the descending aorta and suppling the left posterior basal segment which(More)
BACKGROUND Micturitional disturbance is known to occur in neuro-Behçet's syndrome (NBS). However, its pathophysiology is uncertain and few data are available concerning urodynamic findings. We describe our findings on micturitional histories and urodynamic studies in patients with NBS. METHODS A history of urinary symptoms was obtained from nine patients(More)
A 65-year-old male was admitted to our hospital because of bilateral giant bullae and right side pneumothorax. He had had a myocardial infarction and had been receiving medications. Considering his age, ischemic heart disease and hypertension, we excised the bullae in two operations. The first operation was open chest bullectomy of a giant bulla and small(More)
Pre-exposure of the rat gastric mucosa to capsaicin reduced the mucosal lesion by 50% ethanol to 1/4. Treatment with an antagonist of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), CGRP (8-37), nullified the effect of capsaicin. During constant perfusion of the gastric lumen with physiological saline + pepstatin, the CGRP level was not increased by 50% ethanol,(More)