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How vertebrates generate their anterior-posterior axis is a >90-year-old unsolved probem. This mechanism clearly works very differently in vertebrates than in Drosophila. Here, we present evidence from the Amphibian Xenopus that a time space translation mechanism underlies initial axial patterning in the trunk part of the axis. We show that a timer in the(More)
Investigating regulation and function of the Hox genes, key regulators of positional identity in the embryo, opened a new vista in developmental biology. One of their most striking features is collinearity: the temporal and spatial orders of expression of these clustered genes each match their 3' to 5' order on the chromosome. Despite recent progress, the(More)
We show the vertebrate anterior -posterior axis is made by time space translation (TST). 1/ TST of Hox temporal to spatial collinearity makes the trunk part of the axis. 2/TST continues into the head. 3/ TST is mediated by collinear Hox-Hox interactions. 4/ 'Decision points' involving signalling pathways separate axial domains.
5S rRNA is a ribosomal core component, transcribed from many gene copies organized in genomic repeats. Some eukaryotic species have two 5S rRNA types defined by their predominant expression in oogenesis or adult tissue. Our next-generation sequencing study on zebrafish egg, embryo, and adult tissue identified maternal-type 5S rRNA that is exclusively(More)
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