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Male Wistar rats were treated with 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") using either a high dose (4 x 5 mg/kg over 4 h) or low dose (1 x 5 mg/kg over 4 h) regimen on each of 2 consecutive days. After 10 weeks, rats were tested in the social interaction and emergence tests of anxiety. Rats previously given either of the MDMA dose regimens were(More)
Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone, MMC) is a popular recreational drug, yet its potential harms are yet to be fully established. The current study examined the impact of single or repeated MMC exposure on various neurochemical and behavioral measures in rats. In Experiment 1 male adolescent Wistar rats received single or repeated (once a day for 10 days)(More)
RATIONALE There is some uncertainty whether the acute hyperthermia caused by MDMA (ecstasy) plays a significant role in determining the long-term neurotoxic effects on brain 5-HT systems and associated changes in mood and behaviour. OBJECTIVE The present study assessed whether long-term behavioural and cognitive changes seen in MDMA-treated rats are(More)
RATIONALE 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and methamphetamine (METH) are illicit drugs that are increasingly used in combination. The acute and long-term effects of MDMA/METH combinations are largely uncharacterised. OBJECTIVES The current study investigated the behavioural, thermal and neurotoxic effects of MDMA and METH when given alone or in(More)
Cannabinoid-MDMA interactions were examined in male Wistar rats. MDMA (4 x 5 mg/kg or 2 x 10 mg/kg over 4 h on each of 2 days) was administered with or without Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (4 x 2.5 mg/kg), the synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist CP 55,940 (2 x 0.1 or 0.2 mg/kg) or the cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR 141716 (2 x 5 mg/kg).(More)
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is characterized by cognitive and behavioral changes and, in a significant subset of patients, Parkinsonism. Histopathologically, FTD frequently presents with tau-containing lesions, which in familial cases result from mutations in the MAPT gene encoding tau. Here we present a novel transgenic mouse strain (K3) that expresses(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive constituent of cannabis, accumulates in adipose tissue where it is stored for long periods of time. Here we investigated whether conditions that promote lipolysis can liberate THC from adipocytes to yield increased blood levels of THC. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH In vitro studies(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use is associated with increased risk of suicidal ideation in adolescent humans, yet the neuropharmacological basis of this phenomenon is unknown. Consequently, we examined the behavioural and neurochemical effects of chronic paroxetine (PRX) treatment in adult and adolescent rats. Rats received PRX in their drinking(More)
Recent analysis of the cannabinoid content of cannabis plants suggests a shift towards use of high potency plant material with high levels of Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and low levels of other phytocannabinoids, particularly cannabidiol (CBD). Use of this type of cannabis is thought by some to predispose to greater adverse outcomes on mental health and(More)
Adenosine may play a role in asthma by enhancing inflammatory mediator release from lung mast cells. In this study, we investigated whether adenosine is released from cultured rat basophilic leukaemia (RBL-2H3) cells in response to antigen challenge and whether released adenosine enhances mediator release. RBL-2H3 cells closely resemble mucosal mast cells,(More)