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Clathrin-coated vesicles transport selected integral membrane proteins from the cell surface and the trans-Golgi network to the endosomal system. Before fusing with their target the vesicles must be stripped of their coats. This process is effected by the chaperone protein hsp70c together with a 100K cofactor which we here identify as the coat protein(More)
When Hsc70 uncoats clathrin-coated vesicles in an auxilin- and ATP-dependent reaction, a single round of rapid uncoating occurs followed by very slow steady-state uncoating. We now show that this biphasic time course occurs because Hsc70 sequentially forms two types of complex with the dissociated clathrin triskelions. The first round of clathrin uncoating(More)
Although clathrin assembly by adaptor proteins (APs) plays a major role in the recycling of synaptic vesicles, the molecular mechanism that allows APs to assemble clathrin is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that AP180, like AP-2 and AP-3, binds to the N-terminal domain of clathrin. Sequence analysis reveals a motif, containing the sequence DLL, that(More)
Clathrin-coated vesicles are involved in protein and lipid trafficking between intracellular compartments in eukaryotic cells. AP-2 and AP180 are the resident coat proteins of clathrin-coated vesicles in nerve terminals, and interactions between these proteins could be important in vesicle dynamics. AP180 and AP-2 each assemble clathrin efficiently under(More)
We have used the squid giant synapse to determine whether clathrin assembly by AP180 is important for synaptic vesicle endocytosis. The squid homolog of AP180 encodes a 751 amino acid protein with 40% sequence identity to mouse AP180. Alignment of squid AP180 with other AP180 homologs shows that amino acid identity was highest in the N-terminal(More)
We have examined the roles of Hsc70 and auxilin in the uncoating of clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) during neuronal endocytosis. We identified two peptides that inhibit the ability of Hsc70 and auxilin to uncoat CCVs in vitro. When injected into nerve terminals, these peptides inhibited both synaptic transmission and CCV uncoating. Mutation of a conserved(More)
The role of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in SV (synaptic vesicle) recycling has been studied by combining molecular biology, physiology and electron microscopy at the squid giant synapse. Procedures that prevent clathrin from assembling into membrane coats, such as impairment of binding of the AP180 and AP-2 adaptor proteins, completely prevent membrane(More)
We previously reported that a 100-kDa cofactor, recently identified as auxilin, is a DnaJ homolog which is required for Hsc70 to uncoat clathrin baskets. In the present study we investigated the effect of auxilin on the interaction of Hsc70 with pure clathrin baskets at pH 6, where no uncoating occurs. In a reaction which required auxilin, the baskets(More)
Although genetic and biochemical studies suggest a role for Eps15 homology domain containing proteins in clathrin-mediated endocytosis, the specific functions of these proteins have been elusive. Eps15 is found at the growing edges of clathrin-coated pits, leading to the hypothesis that it participates in the formation of coated vesicles. We have evaluated(More)
The multimeric clathrin assembly proteins AP-1 and AP-2 with molecular masses of approximately 270 kDa and the monomeric clathrin assembly proteins AP180 and auxilin with molecular masses of approximately 90 kDa catalyze the assembly of clathrin into artificial clathrin baskets under physiological conditions. We have now identified a much smaller(More)