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Clathrin-coated vesicles are involved in protein and lipid trafficking between intracellular compartments in eukaryotic cells. AP-2 and AP180 are the resident coat proteins of clathrin-coated vesicles in nerve terminals, and interactions between these proteins could be important in vesicle dynamics. AP180 and AP-2 each assemble clathrin efficiently under(More)
When Hsc70 uncoats clathrin-coated vesicles in an auxilin- and ATP-dependent reaction, a single round of rapid uncoating occurs followed by very slow steady-state uncoating. We now show that this biphasic time course occurs because Hsc70 sequentially forms two types of complex with the dissociated clathrin triskelions. The first round of clathrin uncoating(More)
Although clathrin assembly by adaptor proteins (APs) plays a major role in the recycling of synaptic vesicles, the molecular mechanism that allows APs to assemble clathrin is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that AP180, like AP-2 and AP-3, binds to the N-terminal domain of clathrin. Sequence analysis reveals a motif, containing the sequence DLL, that(More)
We have examined the roles of Hsc70 and auxilin in the uncoating of clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) during neuronal endocytosis. We identified two peptides that inhibit the ability of Hsc70 and auxilin to uncoat CCVs in vitro. When injected into nerve terminals, these peptides inhibited both synaptic transmission and CCV uncoating. Mutation of a conserved(More)
We previously reported that a 100-kDa cofactor, recently identified as auxilin, is a DnaJ homolog which is required for Hsc70 to uncoat clathrin baskets. In the present study we investigated the effect of auxilin on the interaction of Hsc70 with pure clathrin baskets at pH 6, where no uncoating occurs. In a reaction which required auxilin, the baskets(More)
The multimeric clathrin assembly proteins AP-1 and AP-2 with molecular masses of approximately 270 kDa and the monomeric clathrin assembly proteins AP180 and auxilin with molecular masses of approximately 90 kDa catalyze the assembly of clathrin into artificial clathrin baskets under physiological conditions. We have now identified a much smaller(More)
Although genetic and biochemical studies suggest a role for Eps15 homology domain containing proteins in clathrin-mediated endocytosis, the specific functions of these proteins have been elusive. Eps15 is found at the growing edges of clathrin-coated pits, leading to the hypothesis that it participates in the formation of coated vesicles. We have evaluated(More)
It has recently been reported that 8S clathrin trimers or "triskelions" form larger 27S oligomers upon dialysis into low ionic strength buffers (Prasad, K., R. E. Lippoldt, H. Edelhoch, and M. S. Lewis, 1986, Biochemistry, 25:5214-5219). Here, deep-etch electron microscopy of the 27S species reveals that they are closed tetrahedra composed of four clathrin(More)
The role of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in SV (synaptic vesicle) recycling has been studied by combining molecular biology, physiology and electron microscopy at the squid giant synapse. Procedures that prevent clathrin from assembling into membrane coats, such as impairment of binding of the AP180 and AP-2 adaptor proteins, completely prevent membrane(More)
In the presence of ATP, bovine brain hsp70 has been shown to remove clathrin from bovine brain clathrin-coated vesicles in a rapid stoichiometric initial burst followed by slow steady-state uncoating. In addition, it has been found recently that a 100-kDa cofactor is required for hsp70 to uncoat clathrin baskets prepared with the assembly protein AP-2. In(More)