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Neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation has been investigated as a means to reconstitute the damaged brain after stroke. In this study, however, we investigated the effect on acute cerebral and peripheral inflammation after intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). NSCs (H1 clone) from fetal human brain were injected intravenously (NSCs-iv, 5 million cells) or(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease caused by abnormal CAG expansion. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA molecules regulating gene expression, and are implicated in a variety of diseases including HD. However, the profiles and regulation of miRNAs in HD are not fully understood. Here, we analyzed the miRNA expression and miRNA(More)
Recent evidences suggest key roles of abnormal neurogenesis and astrogliosis in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Alterations in the microenvironment of the stem cell, such as microglial activation and cyclooxygenase-2 induction may cause ectopic neurogenesis or astrogliosis. Here, we examined if inflammatory blockade with celecoxib, a selective(More)
OBJECTIVE Alzheimer disease (AD) brains are deficient in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which regulates synaptic plasticity and memory. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ∼22-nucleotide small noncoding RNAs that control a variety of physiological and disease processes. Here, we show that miR-206 regulates BDNF and memory function in AD mice. METHODS(More)
Ischemic stroke is caused by the interruption of cerebral blood flow that leads to brain damage with long-term sensorimotor deficits. Stem cell transplantation may recover functional deficit by replacing damaged brain. In this study, we attempted to test whether the human neural stem cells (NSCs) can improve the outcome in the rat brain with intravenous(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Astrocytic glutamate transporter protein, GLT-1 (EAAT2), recovers extracellular glutamate and ensures that neurons are protected from excess stimulation. Recently, beta-lactam antibiotics, like ceftriaxone (CTX), were reported to induce the upregulation of GLT-1. Here, we investigated ischemic tolerance induction by CTX in an(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cell transplantation has been used to reduce behavioral deficit in cerebral ischemia. However, there is no report about cell transplantation in experimental intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We hypothesize that intravenously transplanted human neural stem cells (NSCs) can migrate and differentiate into neurons or glial cells, thereby(More)
Transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) can replace lost neurons and improve the functional deficits. Cell transplantation strategies have been tried in the epileptic disorder, but the effect of exogenous NSCs is unknown. In this study, we attempted to test the anti-epileptogenic effect of NSCs in adult rats with status epilepticus. Experimental status(More)
Brief or prolonged seizures induce various patterns of plasticity. Axonal or dendritic remodelling and development of ectopic granule cells have been described in the hilus and molecular layer of the adult rodent hippocampus. Hippocampal cell proliferation also occurs after seizures. However, whether the seizure-induced cell proliferation plays a(More)
Intraparenchymally transplanted rodent-origin neural and human-origin mesenchymal stem cells migrate and differentiate in neurological diseases. By intravenously injecting human neural stem cells, we showed that transplanted human neural stem cells migrate to the damaged hippocampus, proliferate and differentiate into mature neurons and astrocytes in the(More)