Kolapo M. Ajuwon

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inhibits LPS-induced NF-␬B activation and IL-6 production and increases PPAR␥2 expression in adipocytes. and insulin resistance are often associated with lower circulating adiponec-tin concentrations and elevated serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and/or tumor necrosis factor-␣ (TNF-␣). Adiponectin suppresses activation of nuclear factor-␬B (NF-␬B) in aortic(More)
We recently provided evidence that interleukin-15 (IL-15) is expressed lowly in the pig adipocyte and that interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) markedly increases this expression through a pathway regulated in part by protein kinase C. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that IL-15 acts directly on the adipocyte to regulate lipid accretion by enhancing(More)
Obesity leads to changes in the gut microbial community which contribute to the metabolic dysregulation in obesity. Dietary fat and fiber affect the caloric density of foods. The impact of dietary fat content and fiber type on the microbial community in the hind gut is unknown. Effect of dietary fat level and fiber type on hindgut microbiota and volatile(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation is a major component of obesity and diabetes, and toll-like receptors (TLRs) play critical roles in the regulation of inflammation and response to pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and fatty acids in. Although immune cells such as macrophages are primarily responsible for recognition and clearance of pathogens,(More)
BACKGROUND Secretory leucocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is an anti-inflammatory protein that is constitutively expressed in multiple cell types where it functions to counteract localized tissue inflammation by its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and anti-protease properties. Little is known about the expression and implication of SLPI in the regulation of(More)
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone that has been implicated recently in the regulation of inflammation in immunocytes, and in lipid metabolism and glucose homeostasis in liver, skeletal muscle and adipocytes. However, information in non-rodent models is limited. We have cloned and sequenced the porcine adiponectin open reading frame and evaluated(More)
Obesity results in reduced differentiation potential of adipocytes leading to adipose tissue insulin resistance. Elevated proinflammatory cytokines from adipose tissue in obesity, such as TNFα have been implicated in the reduced adipocyte differentiation. Other mediators of reduced adipocyte differentiation include TGFβ and wnt proteins. Although some(More)
Inflammation in adipose tissue (AT) during obesity causes impaired AT function. Although multiple extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins are expressed in AT their potential role in adipose tissue inflammation is unclear. Biglycan, a pro-inflammatory ECM gene, is highly enriched in adipose tissue. However, whether it is correlated with adipose tissue(More)
Adipose tissue remodeling by the matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) is critical for tissue hypertrophy and obesity. MMP-13 is an important protein that is highly expressed in adipose tissue but whose potential role in adipose tissue expansion is poorly characterized. We investigated the effect of pharmacological inhibition of MMP-13 with a selective inhibitor,(More)
Short chain fatty acids (SCFA), products of microbial fermentation of dietary fiber, exert multiple metabolic effects in cells. Previously, we had demonstrated that soluble fiber influenced fat mass accumulation, gut microbial community structure and SCFA production in pigs. The current study was designed to identify effects of SCFA treatment during(More)