Kolapo M Ajuwon

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The quality and value of the carcass in domestic meat animals are reflected in its protein and fat content. Preadipocytes and adipocytes are important in establishing the overall fatness of a carcass, as well as being the main contributors to the marbling component needed for consumer preference of meat products. Although some fat accumulation is essential,(More)
Fatty acids and their metabolites regulate gene expression and immunological pathways. Furthermore, obese individuals frequently have increased circulating fatty acid concentrations, and localized inflammation in adipose tissue may facilitate the systemic inflammation associated with the insulin resistance of obesity. Although palmitate induces inflammation(More)
Obesity and insulin resistance are often associated with lower circulating adiponectin concentrations and elevated serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and/or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Adiponectin suppresses activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in aortic endothelial cells and porcine macrophages. Accordingly, we hypothesized that adiponectin(More)
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, attenuates the production of TNFalpha by activated human macrophages. In the present study, we used porcine blood-derived macrophages to test the hypothesis that the anti-inflammatory action of adiponectin includes suppression of IL6 and an induction of IL10. Adiponectin suppressed both TNFalpha and IL6 production(More)
3T3-L1 adipocytes express the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) receptor and respond to direct stimulation with the antigen by increasing the expression of inflammatory mediators. Activation of this receptor by its ligand in the macrophage causes the activation and translocation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) to the nucleus where it regulates the expression of(More)
We recently provided evidence that interleukin-15 (IL-15) is expressed lowly in the pig adipocyte and that interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) markedly increases this expression through a pathway regulated in part by protein kinase C. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that IL-15 acts directly on the adipocyte to regulate lipid accretion by enhancing(More)
Muscle growth in meat animals is a complex process governed by integrated signals emanating from multiple endocrine and immune cells. A generalized phenomenon among meat animal industries is that animals commonly fail to meet their genetic potential for growth in commercial production settings. Therefore, understanding the impact of stress and disease on(More)
Inflammation is a major component of obesity and diabetes, and toll-like receptors (TLRs) play critical roles in the regulation of inflammation and response to pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and fatty acids in. Although immune cells such as macrophages are primarily responsible for recognition and clearance of pathogens, adipocytes are also(More)
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone that has been implicated recently in the regulation of inflammation in immunocytes, and in lipid metabolism and glucose homeostasis in liver, skeletal muscle and adipocytes. However, information in non-rodent models is limited. We have cloned and sequenced the porcine adiponectin open reading frame and evaluated(More)
Two in vivo studies were conducted with pigs to determine the effects of exogenous leptin on the expression of peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPAR), and on serum concentrations of selected metabolites and hormones. Initially, leptin was administered i.m. to young pigs for 15 days at 0 (control), 0.003 (low), 0.01 (medium) and 0.03 (high) mg.(More)