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BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is predicted to become a major cause of death worldwide. Studies on the variability in the estimates of key epidemiological parameters of COPD may contribute to better assessment of the burden of this disease and to helpful guidance for future research and public policies. In the present study, we(More)
BACKGROUND The literature on preoperative smoking cessation indicates that smoking patients are more likely to have postoperative complications. However, the economic implications of such complications are unclear. In particular, the balance between the cost of a preoperative intervention for smoking cessation (PISC) and the benefit resulting from the(More)
BACKGROUND This study was conducted to assess the impact of chikungunya on health costs during the epidemic that occurred on La Réunion in 2005-2006. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS From data collected from health agencies, the additional costs incurred by chikungunya in terms of consultations, drug consumption and absence from work were determined by a(More)
BACKGROUND The medico-economic impact of smoking cessation considering a smoking patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is poorly documented. OBJECTIVE Here, considering a COPD smoking patient, the specific burden of continuous smoking was estimated, as well as the effectiveness and the cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the tuberculin skin test (TST), the QuantiFERON-TB Gold test (QFT) and a combination of TST and QFT (TST+QFT) for diagnosing latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in France in a bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccinated population. METHODS A decision analysis model evaluated three strategies among simulated(More)
BACKGROUND This study is an evaluation of the first year ambulatory follow up of patients from the sickle-cell care centre of the paediatric ward of the teaching hospital in Lomé-Tokoin. PATIENTS AND METHODS Togo is situated in the epicentre of the Benin haplotype. A total of 132 patients (109 SS, 22 SC and 1 S beta zero thal) followed up during one year(More)
BACKGROUND The medico-economic impact of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is poorly documented. OBJECTIVE To estimate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation in a hypothetical cohort of COPD patients. METHODS We used a multi-state Markov model, adopting society's(More)
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