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Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) stimulates the vestibular system electrically with low-amplitude direct current through surface electrodes applied to the left and right mastoids. The effects of GVS on unilateral spatial neglect (USN) in poststroke patients were recently reported, but the influence of the current intensity and application duration of(More)
Stroke patients are at a higher risk of falling than the community-dwelling elderly, and many falls are due to contact with an obstacle. This study compared the effects of the simultaneous addition of a cognitive task during obstacle crossing between stroke patients and community-dwelling older adults (control subjects). Participants comprised 20 stroke(More)
BACKGROUND A recent study investigated the effects of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) on pusher behavior (PB) in post-stroke patients. However, there have been no reports about the effects of multisession GVS on PB. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and effects of multisession GVS combined with physical therapy(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility of peripheral sensory nerve stimulation combined with task-oriented training in patients with stroke during inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN A pilot randomized crossover trial. SETTING Two rehabilitation hospitals. SUBJECTS Twenty-two patients with subacute stroke. INTERVENTIONS Participants were randomly(More)
As reported in a recent review, the most promising interventions for restoring function of the arm seem to be high-repetition doses of task-oriented training, such as constraint-induced movement therapy [3]. However, constraint-induced movement therapy requires considerable clinical staff input and a long treatment time, which makes clinical introduction(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare sensory-level neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and conventional motor-level NMES in patients after total knee arthroplasty. DESIGN Prospective randomized single-blind trial. SETTING Hospital total arthroplasty center: inpatients. PARTICIPANTS Patients with osteoarthritis (N=66; mean age, 73.5±6.3y; 85% women) were(More)
BACKGROUND Mirror therapy (MT) and electromyography-triggered neuromuscular stimulation (ETMS) are both effective treatments for impaired upper limbs following stroke. A combination of these two treatments (ETMS-MT) may result in greater gain than either treatment alone. OBJECTIVES The feasibility and possible effects of ETMS-MT upon upper extremity(More)
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