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Roles of jasmonate and ethylene signalling and their interaction in yeast elicitor-induced biosynthesis of a phytoalexin, beta-thujaplicin, were investigated in Cupressus lusitanica cell cultures. Yeast elicitor, methyl jasmonate, and ethylene all induce the production of beta-thujaplicin. Elicitor also stimulates the biosynthesis of jasmonate and ethylene(More)
— Dynamic textures are image sequences which contain moving scenes such as a flowing river, drifting smoke, waving foliage, etc. Such image sequences have dynamical properties that are related to motion in the physical world. In this paper, we propose a novel analytical tool for analyzing dynamic textures. The key idea is to exploit the properties of the(More)
A β-fructofuranosidase from Microbacterium saccharophilum K-1 (formerly known as Arthrobacter sp. K-1) is useful for producing the sweetener lactosucrose (4G-β-d-galactosylsucrose). Thermostability of the β-fructofuranosidase was enhanced by random mutagenesis and saturation mutagenesis. Clones with enhanced thermostability included mutations at residues(More)
It has been shown that CD1d expression and glycolipid-reactive, CD1d-restricted NKT cells exacerbate the development of obesity and insulin resistance in mice. However, the relevant CD1d-expressing cells that influence the effects of NKT cells on the progression of obesity remain incompletely defined. In this study, we have demonstrated that 3T3-L1(More)
Lignins are aromatic heteropolymers that arise from oxidative coupling of lignin precursors, including lignin monomers (p-coumaryl, coniferyl, and sinapyl alcohols), oligomers, and polymers. Whereas plant peroxidases have been shown to catalyze oxidative coupling of monolignols, the oxidation activity of well-studied plant peroxidases, such as horseradish(More)
Most of the known 4-coumarate:coenzyme A ligase (4CL) isoforms lack CoA-ligation activity for sinapic acid. Therefore, there is some doubt as to whether sinapic acid contributes to sinapyl alcohol biosynthesis. In this study, we characterized the enzyme activity of a protein mixture extracted from the developing xylem of Robinia pseudoacacia. The crude(More)
We showed previously that in Cupressus lusitanica (Mexican cypress), the first two steps of terpinolene oxidation, beginning at hydroxylation at the aryl position and then forming epoxide at the double bond, were driven by cytochrome P450s. The significance of enantio differences, in general, has received attention because those enantiomers often have their(More)
A cell culture of Cupressus lusitanica was used to investigate the reaction of a plant to certain airborne chemicals. Compared with laboratory and field methods using intact plants or tissues, a cell culture is advantageous because it is not affected by environmental factors, and the experiments are easier to reproduce. When exposed to an elicitor, our cell(More)
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