Kok-Sing Lim

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Optical fibers have been involved in the area of sensing applications for more than four decades. Moreover, interferometric optical fiber sensors have attracted broad interest for their prospective applications in sensing temperature, refractive index, strain measurement, pressure, acoustic wave, vibration, magnetic field, and voltage. During this time,(More)
A microfibre device integrating a microfibre knot resonator in a Sagnac loop reflector is proposed for refractive index and temperature sensing. The reflective configuration of this optical structure offers the advantages of simple fabrication and ease of sensing. To achieve a balance between responsiveness and robustness, the entire microfibre structure is(More)
Grating inscription in a Ga-doped silica core fiber (~5 wt. % Ga) has been demonstrated using ArF (193 nm) and KrF (248 nm) excimer lasers. In a comparative study with germanosilicate fiber with similar Ge concentration, a Ga-doped silica core fiber shows greater photosensitivity to an ArF excimer laser due to the higher absorbance in the region of 190-195(More)
This Letter presents a simple mathematical model developed from coupled-mode theory to describe the relationship between Bragg transmission loss (BTL), grating length, coupling coefficients, and bending loss in a bent fiber Bragg grating. In our investigation, the finding indicates that the decrement of BTL can be attributed to the increasing bending loss(More)
In this study, a technique for measuring the grating visibility of the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) based on bent-spectral analysis is proposed. From varying ac and dc coupling coefficients at different bending radii, the grating visibility is estimated with the aid of a simple mathematical model. The investigation begins with the estimation of the grating(More)
We present a new theoretical model for the broadband reflection spectra of etched FBGs which includes the effects of axial contraction and stress-induced index change. The reflection spectra of the etched FBGs with several different taper profiles are simulated based on the proposed model. In our observation, decaying exponential profile produces a(More)
An improved single sided Rayleigh wave (R-wave) measurement was suggested to characterize surface breaking crack in steel reinforced concrete structures. Numerical simulations were performed to clarify the behavior of R-waves interacting with surface breaking crack with different depths and degrees of inclinations. Through analysis of simulation results,(More)
A method for the measurement of a magnetic field by combining a tapered thin-core fiber (TTCF) and magnetic fluid is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The modal interference effect is caused by the core mode and excited eigenmodes in the TTCF cladding. The transmission spectra of the proposed sensor are measured and theoretically analyzed at(More)
In this work, we have demonstrated thermal stress relaxation in regenerated fiber Bragg gratings (RFBGs) by using direct CO₂-laser annealing technique. After the isothermal annealing and slow cooling process, the Bragg wavelength of the RFBG has been red-shifted. This modification is reversible by re-annealing and rapid cooling. It is repeatable with(More)