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Size-dependent mortality influences the recolonization success of juvenile corals transplanted for reef restoration and assisting juvenile corals attain a refuge size would thus improve post-transplantation survivorship. To explore colony size augmentation strategies, recruits of the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis were fed with live Artemia(More)
Dense aggregations of a cucumariid sea cucumber were first observed in December 2012 on a sedimented coral reef at Sultan Shoal (1°14'22.40 " N, 103°38'53.06 " E), a small coral-fringed island south of mainland Singapore (Fig. 1a). Individuals of 3–4 cm length were found tightly nested on rocks (Fig. 1b), rubble, and the underside and dead sections of coral(More)
Coral bleaching events have been predicted to occur more frequently in the coming decades with global warming. The susceptibility of corals to bleaching during thermal stress episodes is dependent on many factors and an understanding of these underlying drivers is crucial for conservation management. In 2013, a mild bleaching episode ensued in response to(More)
Camouflage is a key predation prevention mechanism. The most intuitive camouflage strategy is background matching, where a prey resembles the colour and pattern of its background. Spots (e.g. geometric ‘elements’ that constitute a pattern) are a common feature on the body of prey, but the effect of their size in relation to elements in the background is(More)
Berthing pontoons, one of the most ubiquitous structures in marinas, are known to provide recruitment substrate for a variety of marine biota but little has been reported on their capacity to support epibiotic organisms in tropical marinas, and even less is known about the factors that shape their distribution in such environments. We surveyed the epibiotic(More)
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