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The crystal structure of the RNA-binding domain of the small nuclear ribonucleoprotein U1A bound to a 21-nucleotide RNA hairpin has been determined at 1.92 A resolution. The ten-nucleotide RNA loop binds to the surface of the beta-sheet as an open structure, and the AUUGCAC sequence of the loop interacts extensively with the conserved RNP1 and RNP2 motifs(More)
We have determined the crystal structure at 2.4 A resolution of a ternary complex between the spliceosomal U2B"/U2A' protein complex and hairpin-loop IV of U2 small nuclear RNA. Unlike its close homologue the U1A protein, U2B" binds to its cognate RNA only in the presence of U2A', which contains leucine-rich repeats in its sequence. The concave surface of a(More)
The crystal structure of the RNA binding domain of the U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein A, which forms part of the ribonucleoprotein complex involved in the excision of introns, has been solved. It contains a four-stranded beta sheet and two alpha helices. The highly conserved segments designated RNP1 and RNP2 lie side by side on the middle two beta(More)
Surfactant protein (SP)-A and SP-D are collagen-like glycoproteins that are synthesised in the distal pulmonary epithelium. This study examined the effects of ageing and long-term smoking on SP-A and SP-D in the lungs. The possible links to the development of pulmonary emphysema were also investigated. Sequential lavage was performed in young and(More)
The ribonucleoprotein (RNP) domain is one of the most common eukaryotic protein folds. Proteins containing RNP domains function in important steps of posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression by directing the assembly of multiprotein complexes on primary transcripts, mature mRNAs, and stable ribonucleoprotein components of the RNA processing(More)
We found that the Escherichia coli cafA::cat mutant accumulated a precursor of 16S rRNA. This precursor migrated to the same position with 16.3S precursor found in the BUMMER strain that is known to be deficient in the 5' end processing of 16S rRNA. Accumulation of 16. 3S rRNA in the BUMMER mutant was complemented by introduction of a plasmid carrying the(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS The frequency of stricture after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with a mucosal defect involving more than three-quarters of the circumference is 70% - 90%. Stricture decreases quality of life and requires multiple endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) sessions. We investigated the efficacy(More)
Many proteins involved in pre-mRNA processing contain one or more copies of a 70-90-amino-acid alphabeta module called the ribonucleoprotein domain. RNA maturation depends on the specific recognition by ribonucleoproteins of RNA elements within pre-mRNAs and small nuclear RNAs. The human U1A protein binds an RNA hairpin during splicing, and regulates its(More)
The RNP domain is found in a number of proteins involved in processing and transport of mRNA precursors. The crystal structure of a complex between the U1A spliceosomal protein and its cognate RNA hairpin at 1.92 A resolution reveals the molecular basis of sequence-specific RNA recognition by the RNP domain.