Kojiro Michitaka

Learn More
Clinical and molecular virological differences were evaluated in 50 Japanese patients chronically infected with HBV of genotype B and C who were matched for age and sex as well as the severity of liver disease in a case-control study. Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) was significantly less frequent (16% vs. 42%, P <.01), whereas antibody to HBeAg (anti-HBe)(More)
The major hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes in Japan are B and C. HBV genotype D (HBV/D), however, is widespread in a small area of Western Japan, where the Gianotti-Crosti syndrome caused by HBV subtype ayw, which is suspected to be HBV/D, was endemic in the 1970s. The aim of the study was to elucidate its origin, time of transmission, and spread in this(More)
The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology revised the evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for liver cirrhosis in 2015. Eighty-three clinical questions were selected, and a literature search was performed for the clinical questions with use of the MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi databases for the period between 1983 and June 2012. Manual(More)
Little is understood about worldwide changes in the epidemiological distribution of the etiology of liver cirrhosis (LC). The present study examines the etiology of liver cirrhosis in Japan using a nationwide survey. We analyzed data from 33,379 patients with LC at 58 hospitals and presented the findings in a poster symposium regarding the etiology and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to create a method of calculating intra-abdominal visceral fat volume by using ultrasound (US). The visceral fat volume measured by US was evaluated by comparison with the volume measured by computed tomography (CT). METHODS Eighty-seven patients (52 males and 35 females) were enrolled in this study. Both US and CT were(More)
UNLABELLED The proportion of patients who progress to chronicity following acute hepatitis B (AHB) varies widely worldwide. Moreover, the association between viral persistence after AHB and hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes in adults remains unclear. A nationwide multicenter study was conducted throughout Japan to evaluate the influence of clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute onset autoimmune hepatitis (acute AIH) is difficult to diagnose by using serologic data. In addition, some patients with the severe form of acute AIH do not respond to immunosuppressive therapy and have a poor outcome. In this study, we analyzed the clinicopathologic features of patients who were diagnosed as having acute AIH. (More)
The levels of several cytokines and chemokines are elevated in various liver diseases, especially in fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). Activated macrophages may have a role in the production of these immune modulators. CD163 is a member of a scavenger receptor family and is expressed mainly on activated macrophages, and a soluble form of CD163 (sCD163) is(More)
AIMS Transmission of hepatitis E virus (HEV) from wild boar to humans has been reported, particularly from Japan. We attempted to clarify this issue. METHODS We assessed the IgG class antibodies against HEV (anti-HEV) in serum samples taken from 406 boar living in the Ehime area of western Japan from 2001 to 2004, of which 392 were captured in the wild(More)
BACKGROUND Both the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and the immune response of the hosts to HBV play important roles in the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Lamivudine is a potent antiviral agent with minimal immune modulator capacity. Moreover, lamivudine causes severe side effects like breakthrough of HBV DNA and breakthrough hepatitis in patients with(More)