Koji Uraushihara

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Gut commensal microbes affect the development and activation of the mucosal and systemic immune systems. However, the exact molecular mechanism of these microbes that is involved in the development of colitis remains unclear. The present study was conducted to determine the distinct role of the innate immune system in the development of a dextran sulfate(More)
A newly identified costimulatory molecule, programmed death-1 (PD-1), provides a negative signal that is essential for immune homeostasis. However, it has been suggested that its ligands, B7-H1 (PD-L1) and B7-dendritic cells (B7-DC; PD-L2), could also costimulate T cell proliferation and cytokine secretion. Here we demonstrate the involvement of PD-1/B7-H1(More)
It is well known that immune responses in the intestine remain in a state of controlled inflammation, suggesting that not only active suppression by regulatory T cells plays an important role in the normal intestinal homeostasis, but also its dysregulation leads to the development of inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we demonstrate that the(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells in normal animals are engaged in the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance and prevention of autoimmune disease. However, accumulating evidence suggests that a fraction of the peripheral CD4(+)CD25(-) T cell population also possesses regulatory activity in vivo. Recently, it has been shown glucocorticoid-induced TNFR(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Inducible costimulator (ICOS)/B7RP-1 represents a newly described receptor/ligand pair involved in costimulation of T cells by antigen-presenting cells. We investigated the involvement of the ICOS/B7RP-1 interaction in the pathogenesis of colitis and the therapeutic potential of anti-ICOS monoclonal antibody (mAb) in experimental colitis(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The authors have previously shown that production of interleukin (IL)-18 was increased in the inflamed mucosa of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and blockade of IL-18 ameliorated the murine model of CD. This demonstrated that IL-18 plays a significant role during intestinal inflammation. However, the initial role of IL-18 during(More)
Intestinal epithelial cell (IEC)-derived cytokines, such as stem cell factor (SCF), interleukin (IL)-7 and IL-15 are known to be required for the development of intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs). A newly described cytokine, IL-18, has also been shown to be produced by intestinal epithelial cells. To demonstrate the functional effects of IL-18 on(More)
Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease associated with several changes in the immune system, including an increased number of infiltrating macrophages. These macrophages release a variety of proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha, macrophage infiltrating factor (MIF), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-12 and IL-18, which(More)
Several studies indicate that CD4(+) T cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells initially mediate intestinal inflammation in murine models of human inflammatory bowel disease. However, the initial role of B cells in the development of intestinal inflammation remains unclear. In this study we present evidence that B cells can trigger intestinal inflammation(More)
Interaction of OX40 (CD134) on T cells with its ligand (OX40L) on antigen-presenting cells has been implicated in pathogenic T cell activation. This study was performed to explore the involvement of OX40/OX40L in the development of T cell-mediated chronic colitis. We evaluated both the preventive and therapeutic effects of neutralizing anti-OX40L MAb on the(More)