Koji Umeshita

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Several groups have reported the significance of circulating microRNA as a biochemical marker of cancer. To our knowledge, however, there are no reports on the significance of circulating microRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of plasma microRNA-21 level as a biochemical marker for(More)
BACKGROUND The authors reported previously the beneficial effects of interferon (IFN)-alpha/5-fluorouracil (5-FU) combination therapy for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have tumor thrombi in the major portal branches. In this report, the authors describe the results from IFN/5-FU chemotherapy for patients who underwent palliative(More)
Pancreatic cancer is the most lethal of all solid tumors partially because of its chemoresistance. Although gemcitabine is widely used as a first selected agent for the treatment of this disease despite low response rate, molecular mechanisms of gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic cancer still remain obscure. The aim of this study is to elucidate the(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) invading into the major branches of the portal vein (Vp3) is extremely poor. METHODS Eleven consecutive patients with HCC and Vp3 were treated with 2-6 cycles of a "basic" combination therapy consisting of continuous arterial infusion of 5-fluorouracil (450-500 mg/day, for the initial 2 weeks) and(More)
Biliary tract cancer (BTC) has a generally poor prognosis. Furthermore, it is difficult to distinguish BTC from benign biliary disease (BBD) with commonly used modalities. Therefore, a novel biomarker to facilitate cancer detection is highly desirable. Recent studies have reported the use of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) as biomarkers for cancers. The(More)
We previously reported the beneficial effects of combination therapy of interferon (IFN)-alpha/5-fluorouracil (FU) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with tumour thrombi in the major portal branches. This report describes the results of longer follow-up and includes more than double the number of patients relative to the original report, and(More)
The level of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 has been investigated recently in various human carcinomas. In the present study, we examined the distribution and extent of COX-2 protein in human pancreatic tumors using immunohistochemistry. A strong expression of COX-2 protein was present in 23 of 52 (44%) pancreatic carcinomas, a moderate expression was present in 24(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a hypervascular tumor and angiogenesis plays an important role in its progression. Angiogenesis is regulated by a balance between pro and antiangiogenic molecules. The aim of this study was to investigate the expressions of angiogenic factors and elucidate their roles in angiogenesis in HCC. METHODS We(More)
Recent studies have shown increased levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in a variety of human malignancies including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but little is known about the prognostic value of COX-2 in HCC or its associated nontumor liver tissue. We examined the expression of COX-2 protein by immunohistochemistry in 53 patients with HCCs whose(More)
DNA microarray analysis of human cancer has resulted in considerable accumulation of global gene profiles. However, extraction and understanding the underlying biology of cancer progression remains a significant challenge. This study applied a novel integrative computational and analytical approach to this challenge in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)(More)