Koji Terayama

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Eukaryotic cells store neutral lipids in cytoplasmic lipid droplets enclosed in a monolayer of phospholipids and associated proteins. These dynamic organelles serve as the principal reservoirs for storing cellular energy and for the building blocks for membrane lipids. Excessive lipid accumulation in cells is a central feature of obesity, diabetes and(More)
Diet-induced obesity (DIO) leads to inflammatory activation of macrophages in white adipose tissue (WAT) and subsequently to insulin resistance. PPARgamma agonists are antidiabetic agents known to suppress inflammatory macrophage activation and to induce expression of the triacylglycerol (TG) synthesis enzyme acyl CoA: diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1(More)
The acceptor specificity of a rat brain glucuronyltransferase, GlcAT-P, associated with biosynthesis of the HNK-1 epitope on glycoproteins, was investigated using asialoorosomucoid as a model acceptor substrate. Structural analysis of N-linked oligosaccharides, to which glucuronic acid was transferred by GlcAT-P, by means of two-dimensional mapping of(More)
To obtain small and efficient squalene synthase inhibitors, a flexible 2-aminobenzhydrol open form structure was designed and showed potent inhibitory activity comparable to 4,1-benzoxazepin compounds. Further chemical modification led to the discovery of a novel template with a strong squalene synthase inhibitory activity, and its basic structure-activity(More)
We report the development of a new trifluoromethyltriazolobenzoxazepine series of squalene synthase inhibitors. Structure-activity studies and pharmacokinetics optimization on this series led to the identification of compound 23 (DF-461), which exhibited potent squalene synthase inhibitory activity, high hepatic selectivity, excellent rat hepatic(More)
HSL inhibition is a promising approach to the treatment of dyslipidemia. As a result of re-optimization of lead compound 2, we identified novel compound 25a exhibiting potent inhibitory activity against HSL enzyme and cell with high selectivity for cholinesterases (AChE and BuChE). Reflecting its potent in vitro activity, compound 25a exhibited(More)
We have recently reported the discovery of the new benzhydrol template, which has a highly potent inhibitory activity for squalene synthase, as typified by compound 1 (SSI IC(50)=0.85 nM). However, it was composed of a pair of easy rotatable atropisomers. In the effort to fix the isomerization, a highly potent alkoxy-aminobenzhydrol scaffold was developed.(More)
The properties of a rat brain glucuronyltransferase, which is presumed to be associated with the biosynthesis of the HNK-1 epitope on sulfoglucuronyl glycolipids, are described. The enzyme required divalent cations for reaction, with maximal activity at 10mm Mn2+, and exhibited a dual optimum at pH 4–5 and pH 6 depending upon the buffer used, with the(More)
bovine CD36 prepared from milk fat globule membranes (MFGM) derived from mammary gland epithelial cell membranes contains hybrid-type and hi-, triand tetraantennary complex-type sugar chains with the +_Neu5Aca2o6GalNAcfll-~4GlcNAc groups which amounted to 28% of the total sugar chains (1). Lectin blot analysis of bovine MFGM glycoproteins with use of(More)
In the present article, we have reported the design, synthesis, and identification of highly potent benzhydrol derivatives as squalene synthase inhibitors (compound 1). Unfortunately, the in vivo efficacies of the compounds were not enough for acquiring the clinical candidate. We continued our investigation to obtain a more in vivo efficacious template than(More)
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