Koji Sumitani

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The proteinase responsible for bone collagen degradation in osteo-resorption was examined. The bone pit formation induced by parathyroid hormone (PTH) was markedly suppressed by leupeptin, E-64 and cystatin A, while no inhibition was observed by CA-074, a specific inhibitor of cathepsin B. Pig leucocyte cysteine proteinase inhibitor (PLCPI), a specific(More)
Alcohol ingestion affects both neuropsychological and motor functions. We hypothesized that one of the key factors involved in such functions are neurotrophins and their receptors. We have therefore examined the effects of short-term ethanol exposure on the mRNA expression and protein levels of neurotrophin ligands and receptors in the cerebellum using(More)
The effects of the vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin A1 (baf.A1) and the carbonic anhydrase II inhibitor acetazolamide (AZ) on bone resorption and procathepsin L secretion of rat osteoclasts were investigated using the bone slice assay method, pit formation test. Baf.A1 completely suppressed osteoclastic bone resorption stimulated by(More)
The mechanism of neurotoxicity of Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin to the mouse brain was investigated. Intravenous injection in mice with the toxin caused seizure and excited hippocampal neurons. Microdialysis revealed that epsilon toxin induced excessive glutamate release in the hippocampus. Both the seizure and glutamate release were attenuated by(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 is the rate-limiting enzyme in synthesis of prostaglandins and other eicosanoids. Prior reports have shown that inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 activity, either by selective inhibitors or by antisense oligonucleotide, results in suppression of growth of squamous cell carcinoma cell lines which express high cyclooxygenase-2 levels, such as(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) are known to play important roles in the proliferation of various types of cancer cells. PGs are produced by the action of cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes, and two forms of COX, COX-1 and COX-2, have been described. Previous studies have demonstrated that overexpression of COX-2 is associated with colon carcinogenesis, tumor invasion and(More)
A series of analogs of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3 (1)] with alkyl substitutions in 26- and 27-positions have been tested for their activity 1) in competing with 1,25-(OH)2D3 for binding to chick intestinal cytosol receptor, 2) in ability for formation of multinucleated cells (MNC) with various osteoclastic cell characteristics from blast(More)
Osteoclast formation from hemopoietic precursors has been shown to require the support of stromal cells in bone tissue. In this study, we demonstrated that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is one of the stromal cell-derived molecules responsible for osteoclast-like cell formation. For our experiments, we used a coculture system for osteoclastic cell formation(More)
Cisplatin (CDDP) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) are common anti-tumour agents, and the anti-tumour effect of CDDP and 5-FU are synergistically enhanced by combined treatment. To clarify the mechanisms of this synergism, we examined the effect of CDDP and 5-FU on the expression of cell adhesion molecules involved in recognition of cancer cells by T lymphocytes.(More)
Prostaglandin (PG)E2, a bone-resorption factor, was released essentially as the sole arachidonate metabolite by an osteogenic cell line cloned from mouse calvaria (MC3T3-E1). Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta (1 ng/ml) or epidermal growth factor (EGF) (10 ng/ml) markedly stimulated the endogenous PGE2 synthesis in the presence of 5% newborn bovine(More)