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Although epidemiological studies strongly suggest an association between gastric cancer and Helicobacter pylori infection, there has been no clinical report indicating that cure of the infection prevents cancer. We conducted a nonrandomized H. pylori eradication trial in patients whose gastric cancer was removed by endoscopic resection (ER). We investigated(More)
Regulation of L-type Ca2+ channel current [ICa(L)] by cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PK-G) was investigated in ventricular myocytes from 2- to 21-day-old rats using whole-cell voltage clamp with internal perfusion. ICa(L) was elicited by a depolarizing pulse to +10 mV from a holding potential of -40 mV. Stimulated ICa(L) (by 2 mumol/L isoproterenol) was(More)
Gastric carcinoma cells express potent angiogenic factors including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We previously reported that interleukin-8 (IL-8) acts as an angiogenic factor for human gastric carcinomas. More recently, we found that IL-8 upregulates matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression and increases invasive activity of gastric(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of both Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection and advancing age with increased prevalence of atrophic gastritis. METHODS Two hundred and thirty-eight subjects who had no esophagitis, peptic ulcers, or malignancies in the upper gastrointestinal tract were divided into three groups according to age: group A, < 30 yr; group(More)
Sixteen argyrophil cell carcinomas in 59 gastric scirrhous carcinomas were examined histologically, ultrastructurally, and immunohistochemically for polypeptide hormones, CEA, lysozyme, and HCG. In nine of these 16 tumors, polypeptides such as gastrin, somatostatin, and glucagon were demonstrated. Six of these nine tumors contained all three hormones, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Although antroduodenal motility has usually been studied by using manometric or scintigraphic methods, ultrasonography is an established, non-invasive method to evaluate duodenogastric motility. We used ultrasonography to evaluate gastric motility in patients with functional dyspepsia. METHODS Sixty-four patients with functional(More)
Effects of genistein, a specific inhibitor of tyrosine kinase, on the L-type Ca2+ channels were examined in freshly isolated young (days 10-18) rat ventricular cells using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Bath application of genistein decreased the L-type Ca2+ current [I(Ca(L))] in a concentration-dependent manner. The maximal inhibition of I(Ca(L))(More)
Ultrasound examinations were performed in 36 patients with Crohn's disease, 28 with ulcerative colitis, and 50 with no bowel disease. The pathological findings were classified into three types and compared with the radiographic and/or colonoscopic findings. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis could be detected by ultrasonography with a sensitivity of 86%(More)
This study sought to examine the relationship between MUC1 expression at the deepest invasive portion, invasive/metastatic potential, and prognosis of colorectal cancer in relation to cellular proliferation. MUC1 expression was detected immunohistochemically using KL-6 antibody (anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody) in 100 surgically resected specimens of advanced(More)
To establish a sensitive and efficient screening method for gastric cancer using serum pepsinogen, we investigated the characteristics of serum pepsinogen I and II levels and the I/II ratio and their cut-off points. We found that the pepsinogen I level and the I/II ratio were significantly lower in patients with gastric cancer than in control subjects,(More)