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Bone destruction is a pathological hallmark of several chronic inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and periodontitis. Inflammation-induced bone loss of this sort results from elevated numbers of bone-resorbing osteoclasts. Gene targeting studies have shown that the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) has a crucial role(More)
Notch signaling plays a key role in various cell differentiation processes including bone homeostasis. However, the specific involvement of Notch in regulating osteoclastogenesis is still controversial. In the present study, we show that RANKL induces expression of Jagged1 and Notch2 in bone marrow macrophages during osteoclast differentiation. Suppression(More)
Although important roles of receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and its receptor (RANK) have been established for osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption, their expression and roles during physiological root resorption remain uncertain. Physiological root resorption for shedding of human deciduous teeth is mediated by osteoclast-like cells(More)
The plasma membrane Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is a bidirectional transporter that mediates the exchange of Na(+) for Ca(2+) depending on the electrochemical gradients. Mammalian NCXs form a multigene family comprising NCX1, NCX2, and NCX3 isoforms. Although it has been known that NCX1 in rat osteoclasts is coupled with the Na(+)/ H(+) exchanger for(More)
ClC7 Cl− channels (Clcn7) are crucial for osteoclastic bone resorption and have heterozygous mutation in autosomal osteopetrosis type II (ADO II) patients. Although extracellular acidification is known to induce ClC7 Cl− currents in Clcn7-transfected oocytes, other characteristics of this acid-induced Cl− current, as well as the effects of mutant Clcn7 in(More)
We have established a novel strategy for introducing exogenous Bcl-2 into neuronal cells that is mediated by Cre/loxP recombination using recombinant adenoviral vectors. An on/off-switching cassette for Bcl-2 (CALNLbcl-2) was designed to express Bcl-2 by recombinase Cre-mediated excisional deletion of a spacer DNA flanked by a pair of loxP sites. Exogenous(More)
ClC-7 Cl(-) channels expressed in osteoclasts are important for bone resorption since it has been shown that disruption of the ClCN7 gene in mice leads to severe osteopetrosis. We have previously reported that Cl(-) currents recorded from mouse osteoclasts resemble those of ClC-3 Cl(-) channels. The aim of the present study was to determine the expression(More)
UNLABELLED To assess the role of Cl- transport during osteoclastic bone resorption, we studied the expression and function of K+/Cl- co-transporters (KCCs). KCC1 and chloride channel-7 were found to be expressed in mouse osteoclasts. The KCC inhibitor, R(+)-butylindazone (DIOA), KCC1 antisense oligo-nucleotides, and siRNA suppressed osteoclastic pit(More)
Osteoclast differentiation is critically dependent on calcium (Ca(2+)) signaling. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4), mediates Ca(2+) influx in the late stage of osteoclast differentiation and thereby regulates Ca(2+) signaling. However, the system-modifying effect of TRPV4 activity remains to be determined. To elucidate the mechanisms(More)
Although TNFalpha is known to be an important factor for bone resorption, particularly in inflammatory bone diseases, the relevance between RANKL and TNFalpha in osteoclastogenesis remains unclear. In this study we examined the mechanism of TNFalpha induced osteoclastogenesis and its downstream signaling. We show that osteoclastogenesis is suppressed by(More)