Koji Okabe

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Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates have been well known to be inhibited farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FDPS), an enzyme in mevalonic acid metabolism, resulting in disturbance in polymerization of cytoskeleton structure in bone resorption and promotion of apoptosis in mature osteoclasts. Although bisphosphonates have been reported to activate ion(More)
In many schools, English is taught as international communication tool and the goal of English pronunciation training is generally to acquire intelligible enough pronunciation, which is not always native-sounding pronunciation. However, the definition of the intelligible pronunciation is not easy because it depends on the speaking skill of a speaker, the(More)
Notch signaling plays a key role in various cell differentiation processes including bone homeostasis. However, the specific involvement of Notch in regulating osteoclastogenesis is still controversial. In the present study, we show that RANKL induces expression of Jagged1 and Notch2 in bone marrow macrophages during osteoclast differentiation. Suppression(More)
Membrane properties of the human pregnant myometrium were investigated with the conventional microelectrode and patch clamp methods. The majority of preparations produced spontaneous action potentials at a very low frequency, and action potentials were inhibited in sodium-deficient or calcium-free solutions. With the patch clamp technique with 120 mmol/L(More)
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is an important physiologic inhibitor of the extrinsic pathway of the coagulation system. We investigated whether recombinant TFPI (rTFPI) could reduce pulmonary vascular injury by inhibiting leukocyte activation in rats given lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Pre- or posttreatment of animals with rTFPI significantly inhibited(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the actions of 17beta-estradiol on the electrical activity of pregnant rat myometrium. The longitudinal layer of the myometrium was dissected from pregnant rats (17 to 19 days of gestation), and single cells were isolated by enzymatic digestion. Calcium currents and potassium currents were recorded by the(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to quantitatively assess the effects of oxytocin on membrane properties in the pregnant human myometrium. STUDY DESIGN Specimens were obtained from the lower uterine segment during cesarean section at term. Electrical activity was recorded from individual cells by a conventional microelectrode method and the membrane functions(More)
Effects of several Cl(-) channel blockers on ionic currents in mouse embryos were studied using whole-cell patch-clamp and microelectrode methods. Microelectrode measurements showed that the resting membrane potential of early embryonic cells (1-cell stage) was -23 mV and that reduction of extracellular Cl(-) concentration depolarized the membrane,(More)
The properties of hyperpolarization-activated current in pregnant rat uterus (17-19 days gestation) were investigated using microelectrode and patch-clamp techniques, and isometric tension recording. The resting membrane potentials were -58.4 mV and -48.5 mV in longitudinal and circular muscle cells, respectively. Application of hyperpolarizing current(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the actions of estradiol on spontaneous and evoked action potentials in the isolated longitudinal smooth muscle cells of the pregnant rat. Single cells were obtained by enzymatic digestion from pregnant rat longitudinal myometrium. Action potentials and currents were recorded by whole-cell current-clamp and(More)