Koji Muramoto

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The presynaptic function of myosin II was studied at cholinergic synapses formed between rat superior cervical ganglion neurons in culture. Immunofluorescent staining showed that myosin II was colocalized with synaptophysin at the presynaptic nerve terminals. Antimyosin II antibody introduced into presynaptic neurons inhibited synaptic transmission.(More)
Cerebral cortical cells from fetal rats (18 days) were cultured for 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 days in vitro (DIV) and the development of synapses was examined morphologically by electron microscopy. At 3 DIV, no synapses could be recognized. An immature type of synapse was found at 7 DIV which thereafter developed morphologically. The length of the synaptic(More)
Two series of combinatorial tripeptide libraries were constructed, based on an antioxidative peptide isolated from a soybean protein hydrolysate. One was a library of 108 peptides containing either His or Tyr residues. Another was a library of 114 peptides related to Pro-His-His, which had been identified as an active core of the antioxidative peptide. The(More)
The characterization of cod somatolactin (SL), a new pituitary protein belonging to the growth hormone/prolactin family, is described. Cod SL has a molecular weight of 26 kDa and consists of 209 amino acids, of which eight are Cys. The protein has three disulfide bonds between residues Cys5-Cys15, Cys65-Cys181, and Cys198-Cys206. The Cys residues at(More)
Seven kinds of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides were isolated from the hydrolysates of wakame (Undaria pinnatifida) by Protease S "Amano" (from Bacillus stearothermophilus) by using three-step high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on a reverse-phase column. These peptides were identified by amino acid composition analysis,(More)
Previously, we established a culture system of the accessory olfactory bulb in order to investigate the functional role of each accessory olfactory bulb neurons in pheromonal signal processing. In the present study, we developed a co-culture system of cultured accessory olfactory bulb neurons with partially dissociated cells of the vomeronasal organ. The(More)
Marine bioresources produce a great variety of specific and potent bioactive molecules including natural organic compounds such as fatty acids, polysaccharides, polyether, peptides, proteins, and enzymes. Lectins are also one of the promising candidates for useful therapeutic agents because they can recognize the specific carbohydrate structures such as(More)
Carbohydrate-binding proteins that bind their carbohydrate ligands with high affinity are rare and therefore of interest because they expand our understanding of carbohydrate specificity and the structural requirements that lead to high-affinity interactions. Here, we use NMR and isothermal titration calorimetry techniques to determine carbohydrate(More)
Staphylococcal toxins, leukocidin and gamma-hemolysin, consist of two protein components, i.e. LukF and LukS for leukocodin and H gamma I and H gamma II for gamma-hemolysin. From a culture fluid of Staphylococcus aureus strain P83, a new protein component of leukocidin or gamma-hemolysin which was designated as LukM was isolated. This component showed the(More)
A rhamnose-binding glycoprotein (lectin), named SML, was isolated from the eggs of Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorous niphonius) by affinity and ion-exchange chromatographies. SML was composed of a non-covalently linked homodimer. The SML subunit was composed of 201 amino acid residues with two tandemly repeated domains, and contained 8 half-Cys residues in(More)