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In 2008, an epidemic of cases of renal failure among Chinese infants, due to melamine contamination of milk, raised international concern. Thus, numerous studies on the metabolism of melamine were broadly undertaken. However, little is known about placental transfer of melamine. In this study, the possibility of placental transfer of melamine and its(More)
An investigation was carried out as to whether copper affected the intracellular accumulation of cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II); CDDP) and whether changes in the expression of ATP7A and CTR1 were related to acquired resistance using CDDP-sensitive (KB) and -resistant (KBR/0.8, KBR/1.2) cells. Intracellular platinum accumulation and platinum-DNA(More)
Environmental suspended particulate matter and NO2 are possible factors causing chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. These and other pollutants are monitored at the National Ambient Air Pollution Monitoring Stations and local monitoring stations. Environmental NO2 concentrations in large cities exceed the Japanese Environmental Quality Standards (JEQS);(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we created an aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 gene transgenic (Aldh2-/-) mouse as an aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 2 inactive human model and demonstrated low alcohol preference. In addition, after a free-choice drinking test, no difference in the acetaldehyde level was observed between the Aldh2-/- and wild type (Aldh2+/+) mice. The actual(More)
UNLABELLED Serum copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) the Cu/Zn ratio (Cu/Zn) and selenium (Se) were evaluated in 84 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) before surgery. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) and sialyl Lewis X-i antigen (SLX) levels were also determined in the same cases. The cut-off values of Cu, Zn and(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 2 plays a major role in the detoxification of aldehyde and is known to be responsible for alcohol preference. A diminished enzyme activity due to mutation of the Aldh2 gene is associated with high alcohol sensitivity and a low alcohol tolerance in humans. The genomic background distinguishing an alcohol preference and avoidance(More)
The aim of the present study is to examine the effects of the anti-tumor component isolated from Trichosanthes kirilowii on human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Using Sephadex G-25 column chromatography, Sep-Pak Plus C18 cartridge and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), we isolated the active component from trichosanthes extract. By fast atom(More)
A choline-containing phospholipid (PL-4) in Methanopyrus kandleri cells was identified as archaetidylcholine, which has been described by Sprott et al. (1997). The PL-4 consisted of a variety of molecular species differing in hydrocarbon composition. Most of the PL-4 was acid-labile because of its allyl ether bond. The identity of PL-4 was confirmed by(More)
Ethanol extracts (AF-06, 07, and 08, 10 mg/kg) of Brazilian propolis were administered orally to cutaneously herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-infected mice three times daily on days 0 to 6 after infection to evaluate their efficacies against HSV-1 infection and significantly limited development of herpetic skin lesions. AF-07 and 08 significantly reduced(More)
Adult T-cell leukaemia (ATL) is caused by human T-cell leukaemia virus type I (HTLV-I) infection and is resistant to conventional chemotherapy. We evaluated the inhibitory effects of agricultural plants on the proliferation of seven ATL-related human leukaemia cells, using three ATL cell lines (ED, Su9T01 and S1T), two human T-cell lines transformed by(More)