Koji Matsuno

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Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is an important enzyme that oxidizes acetaldehyde. Approximately 45% of Chinese and Japanese individuals have the inactive ALDH2 genotypes (ALDH2*2/*2 and ALDH2*1/*2); acute inhalation toxicity of acetaldehyde has not been evaluated in these populations. We compared the toxicity between wild-type (Aldh2+/+) and(More)
Wistar male rats were exposed to nickel oxide (NiO) aerosols (mass median aerodynamic diameter, 1.2 and 4.0 μm). The average exposure concentration was controlled from a low level of 0.6 mg/m3 to a high level of 70 mg/m3 and total exposure time was 140 h. Some rats were sacrificed just after the exposure, whereas others were exposed for 1 mo and kept for 12(More)
In this study, eight kinds of nickel (Ni) compounds were orally administered to Wistar male rats and the distribution of each compound was investigated 24 h after the administration. The Ni compounds used in this experiment were nickel metal [Ni−M], nickel oxide (green) [NiO(G)], nickel oxide (black) [NiO(B)], nickel subsulfide [Ni3S2], nickel sulfide(More)
Environmental suspended particulate matter and NO2 are possible factors causing chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. These and other pollutants are monitored at the National Ambient Air Pollution Monitoring Stations and local monitoring stations. Environmental NO2 concentrations in large cities exceed the Japanese Environmental Quality Standards (JEQS);(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 2 plays a major role in the detoxification of aldehyde and is known to be responsible for alcohol preference. A diminished enzyme activity due to mutation of the Aldh2 gene is associated with high alcohol sensitivity and a low alcohol tolerance in humans. The genomic background distinguishing an alcohol preference and avoidance(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we created an aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 gene transgenic (Aldh2-/-) mouse as an aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 2 inactive human model and demonstrated low alcohol preference. In addition, after a free-choice drinking test, no difference in the acetaldehyde level was observed between the Aldh2-/- and wild type (Aldh2+/+) mice. The actual(More)
We examined serum copper (Cu), serum zinc (Zn), and the serum copper/zinc ratio (Cu/Zn) in 162 patients. All of them were seen to have an abnormal shadow in the chest X-ray films, that is, 109 patients with lung cancer (LC) and 53 patients with no lung cancer (NLC). The mean Cu and Cu/Zn in LC patients were significantly higher than those in NLC patients(More)
Since the diet plays an important role in the development of human cancer, it is important to identify mutagens in foods. We have detected a novel mutagenic product, 4-oxo-2-hexenal (4-OHE), in a model lipid peroxidation reaction mixture [H. Kasai, M. Maekawa, K. Kawai, K. Hachisuka, Y. Takahashi, H. Nakamura, R. Sawa, S. Matsui, T. Matsuda,(More)
The aim of the present study is to examine the effects of the anti-tumor component isolated from Trichosanthes kirilowii on human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Using Sephadex G-25 column chromatography, Sep-Pak Plus C18 cartridge and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), we isolated the active component from trichosanthes extract. By fast atom(More)
In 2008, an epidemic of cases of renal failure among Chinese infants, due to melamine contamination of milk, raised international concern. Thus, numerous studies on the metabolism of melamine were broadly undertaken. However, little is known about placental transfer of melamine. In this study, the possibility of placental transfer of melamine and its(More)