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The occurrence of perchlorate in the Tone River Basin was investigated using an ion chromatograph (IC) coupled with a tandem mass spectrometer (MS/MS). Perchlorate was found at high concentrations in the upper Tone River and its tributary, Usui River, and the maximum concentrations were 340 and 2300 microg/L, respectively. The possible sources of(More)
The thyroid hormone agonist/antagonist activities of halogenated derivatives of bisphenol A (BPA) were assessed using a yeast two-hybrid assay incorporating the human thyroid hormone α (TRα), both with and without possible metabolic activation by rat liver S9 preparation. In the absence of the rat liver S9 preparation, 3,3',5,5'-tetrabromobisphenol A(More)
N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), a disinfection byproduct of water and wastewater treatment processes, is a potent carcinogen. We investigated its occurrence and the potential for its formation by chlorination (NDMA-FP Cl2) and by chloramination (NDMA-FP NH2Cl) in ground water and river water in Tokyo. To characterize NDMA precursors, we revealed their(More)
The presence of radionuclides at five water purification plants was investigated after an explosion at a nuclear power plant hit by the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March 2011. Radioactive iodine (¹³¹I) and cesium (¹³⁴Cs and ¹³⁷Cs) were detected in raw water in Fukushima and neighboring prefectures. ¹³¹I was not removed by(More)
A nationwide survey of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) in both raw and finished water samples from drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) in Japan was conducted. NDMA was analyzed by solid-phase extraction (SPE) followed by ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). NDMA was detected in 15 of 31 raw water(More)
A new oxygen carrier for use as a blood substitute was prepared and characterized in vitro. Pyridoxylated hemoglobin, which was obtained by the reaction of human hemoglobin with pyridoxal-5-phosphate, was modified by alpha-carboxymethyl, omega-carboxymethoxyl polyoxyethylene (POE) of the molecular weight 3600 daltons. In order to eliminate viruses and(More)
An analytical method for determining bromate in drinking water was developed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The (18)O-enriched bromate was used as an internal standard. The limit of quantification (LOQ) of bromate was 0.2 µg/L. The peak of bromate was separated from those of coexisting ions (i.e., chloride, nitrate and(More)
The occurrence of six haloacetamides (HAcAms), which are a group of emerging nitrogenous disinfection byproducts, was investigated in drinking water across Japan in September 2015 and February 2016. At least one of the six HAcAms were found in all of the drinking water samples and their total concentrations ranged from 0.3 to 3.8 μg/L. The detection(More)
In May 2012, formaldehyde (FA) precursor contamination in the Tone River Basin led to the suspension of water supply to approximately 360,000 homes, which affected approximately 870,000 people in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. The discharge of industrial effluents containing hexamethylenetetramine (HMT), a tertiary amine and FA precursor, without proper(More)