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UNLABELLED Aims/Introduction:  Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARB) are regarded as first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes with hypertension. However, lowering blood pressure to the target level often requires more than one antihypertensive agent as recommended by the guideline. In this open-label, prospective, crossover clinical trial, we(More)
Amiodarone is a widely used agent for life-threatening arrhythmias. Although amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) is a major adverse effect that can cause recurrence of arrhythmias and exacerbation of heart failure, risk factors for AIT among amiodarone-treated Japanese patients have not been elucidated. Here, we investigated the prevalence and(More)
The muscle fiber diameter and distribution were studied in serial muscle biopsy specimens taken at the ages of 21 months and 8 years in a girl with congenital fiber type disproportion. The patient was floppy from birth and showed delayed motor development. Progressive respiratory failure developed from the age of 8, which required artificial respiration(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and glinides are effective in reducing postprandial hyperglycemia. However, little information is available on the comparative effects of the two drugs on the levels of postprandial glucose. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of sitagliptin and nateglinide on meal tolerance tests in(More)
Previous studies reported that both cilnidipine and azelnidipine have a renoprotective effect compared with amlodipine. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of cilnidipine and azelnidipine on blood pressure, heart rate and albuminuria. An open-label prospective crossover trial was carried out. We recruited 19 type 2 diabetics treated with(More)
A case of Hopkins syndrome is presented. The patient was a 4-year-old boy who developed weakness of the right leg 2-3 days after a mild asthmatic attack. Needle electromyography revealed fasciculation discharges in the right gastrocnemius muscle. A histological study of the biopsied right quadriceps femoris muscle revealed scattered atrophic fibers,(More)
Prognosis of 175 psychoneurologically normal children with the onset of epilepsy after 18 months of age were studied. The remission rate of partial epilepsy (81 of 107 cases, 76%) was higher than that of generalized epilepsy (34 of 56 cases, 61%). Prognoses for patients with sleep epilepsy (52 of 62 cases, 84%) were better than those for patients with(More)
We presented a 3-year-old boy, a product of consanguineous parents, with periodic apnea during waking and sleep states, severe psychomotor retardation and hypotonia. According to polysomnographical recordings, he exhibited frequent central apneas which decreased in frequency and regularity in the stage REM. He showed abnormal background EEG,(More)