Koji Kobayashi

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The upper region of the outer root sheath of vibrissal follicles of adult mice contains multipotent stem cells that respond to morphogenetic signals to generate multiple hair follicles, sebaceous glands, and epidermis, i.e., all the lineages of the hairy skin. At the time when hair production ceases and when the lower region of the follicle undergoes major(More)
A secreted luciferase from the marine ostracod, Vargula hilgendorfii, is a useful tool for gene expression assays in living mammalian cells. We have cloned the cDNA of a new secreted luciferase from the ostracod Cypridina noctiluca, which inhabits the coast of Japan. C. noctiluca luciferase consists of 553 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 61,415(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is one major prostanoid produced under inflammatory situation. Although PGE2 is known to induce vascular contraction, its detailed mechanism remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the signaling pathway underlying PGE2-induced smooth muscle contraction in rat mesenteric artery. PGE2 (0.3-30 μM)(More)
OBJECTIVE Prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) is one of the prostanoids produced during inflammation. Although PGD(2) is known to decrease endothelial permeability through D prostanoid (DP) receptor stimulation, the detailed mechanism is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Treatment with PGD(2) (0.1-3 μmol/L) or the DP receptor agonist, BW245C (0.1-3 μmol/L),(More)
Histamine is a mediator of allergic inflammation released mainly from mast cells. Although histamine strongly increases vascular permeability, its precise mechanism under in vivo situation remains unknown. We here attempted to reveal how histamine induces vascular hyperpermeability focusing on the key regulators of vascular permeability, blood flow and(More)
BACKGROUND In Asians, mutations in the known maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) genes have been identified in only <15% of patients. These results were obtained mostly through studies on adult patients. OBJECTIVE To investigate the molecular basis of Japanese patients with pediatric-onset MODY-type diabetes. SUBJECTS Eighty Japanese patients(More)
We performed intravenous digital subtraction angiography (IV-DSA) in 31 patients with primary invasive breast cancer, and calculated the maximum density of tumor staining from the time-density curve obtained. Specimens resected from the same patients were stained for factor VIII-related antigen/von Willebrand factor (vWF), and the amount of microvessels was(More)
Resistance training-induced muscle anabolism and subsequent hypertrophy occur most rapidly during the early phase of training and become progressively slower over time. Currently, little is known about the intracellular signaling mechanisms underlying changes in the sensitivity of muscles to training stimuli. We investigated the changes in the(More)
We examined the density of tumor enhancement onintravenous digital subtraction angiography (IV-DSA) in patients withbreast cancer in relation to disease-free survival. Thesubjects of the present study consisted of 103patients with invasive ductal carcinoma measuring 5 cmor less treated from July 1988 to September1993. In the 103 patients, 15 had(More)
Low-frequency neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been used as an endurance exercise model. This study aimed to test whether low-frequency NMES increases the phosphorylation of anabolic signaling molecules and induces skeletal muscle hypertrophy, as seen with high-frequency NMES. Using Sprague-Dawley rats, 1 bout of exercise (with dissection(More)