Koji Kishimoto

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Ca2(+)-sensitive 85,000 mol. wt cytosolic phospholipase A2 plays an essential role in the selective and stimulus-dependent release of arachidonic acid from membrane phospholipids. Cytosolic phospholipase A2-catalysed lipid mediators including arachidonic acid and its metabolites have been suggested to be involved in a variety of neuronal functions in the(More)
Retinal excitotoxicity is one of the major causes of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in glaucoma. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a pleiotropic peptide with potent neuroprotective activity; however, whether it exerts such an effect in the retina and the mechanism by which RGCs are protected is still not well understood. In(More)
The arachidonic acid-specific cytosolic phospholipase A(2) alpha (cPLA(2)alpha) has been implicated in the generation of neurological injuries. cPLA(2)alpha-dependent neurological injury has been postulated to be mediated through inflammatory and eicosanoid pathways. We determined if cPLA(2)alpha amplifies the injury of a non-inflammatory, excitotoxic(More)
BACKGROUND The enzyme cytosolic phospholipase A2 alpha (cPLA2alpha) has been implicated in the progression of cerebral injury following ischemia and reperfusion. Previous studies in rodents suggest that cPLA2alpha enhances delayed injury extension and disruption of the blood brain barrier many hours after reperfusion. In this study we investigated the role(More)
BACKGROUND Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a key regulator of osteolytic metastasis of breast cancer (BC) cells, but its targets and mechanisms of action are not fully understood. This study investigated whether/how PTHrP (1-34) signaling regulates expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) produced by BC cells. MATERIALS AND(More)
The arachidonic acid-generating enzyme cytosolic phospholipase A(2) alpha (cPLA(2)alpha) has been implicated in the progression of excitotoxic neuronal injury. However, the mechanisms of cPLA(2)alpha toxicity have yet to be determined. Here, we used a model system exposing mouse hippocampal slices to NMDA as an excitotoxic injury, in combination with(More)
One of the most important physiological roles of brain astrocytes is the maintenance of extracellular K(+) concentration by adjusting the K(+) influx and K(+) efflux. The inwardly rectifying K(+) channel Kir4.1 has been identified as an important member of K(+) channels and is highly concentrated in glial endfeet membranes. Aquaporin (AQP) 4 is another(More)
Intracellular signaling pathways that regulate the production of lethal proteins in central neurons are not fully characterized. Previously, we reported induction of a novel neuronal protein neuronal pentraxin 1 (NP1) in neonatal brain injury following hypoxia-ischemia (HI); however, how NP1 is induced in hypoxic-ischemic neuronal death remains elusive.(More)
Recent studies have reported that smokers tend to be less susceptible to Parkinson's disease (PD) and the stimulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is considered to confer a neuroprotective effect. Galantamine is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and an allosteric potentiating ligand for nAChRs. However, the effects of galantamine and nicotine(More)
Dysbindin was first identified by the yeast two hybrid assay as a binding partner of dystrobrevin which is a cytoplasmic member of dystrophin glycoprotein complex. Immunolocalization of dystrobrevin in the astrocyte endfeet and endothelial cells in the rat cerebellum was reported. Therefore, we were interested in the expression and localization of(More)