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In the present study, we investigated the antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like effects of (+)-4-[(aR)-a-((2S,5R)-4-allyl-2,5-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl)-3-methoxybenzyl]-N,N-diethylbenzamide (SNC80), a non-peptidic selective delta-opioid receptor agonist, in various animal models in rodents. SNC80 significantly reduced the duration of immobility in the forced(More)
The induction of phase 2 detoxifying enzymes, such as UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), in response to an array of naturally occurring and synthetic agents, such as oltipraz (4-methyl-5-[2-pyrazinyl]-1,2-dithiole-3-thione), provides an effective means of protection against a variety of carcinogens. Transcription factor Nrf2 is an essential regulator of(More)
OBJECTIVES The antitumor effect of bee honey against bladder cancer was examined in vitro and in vivo. METHODS Three human bladder cancer cell lines (T24, 253J and RT4) and one murine bladder cancer cell line (MBT-2) were used in these experiments. In an in vitro study, the antitumor activity was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to elucidate risk factors for intravesical recurrence of high-grade T1 bladder cancer in the second transurethral resection era. METHODS The analysis included 73 patients with high-grade T1 bladder cancer on initial transurethral resection. The median follow-up period was 49.2 months. Recurrence-free survival, progression-free survival(More)
Because there are few efficacious medications for drug dependence, many clinical trials are being conducted in earnest to find such medications. Considerable evidence has shown that opioid kappa receptor agonists attenuate several behavioral responses induced by drugs of abuse. Although this raises the possibility that opioid kappa receptor agonists may be(More)
An alpha-fetoprotein-producing transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis is extremely rare. To our knowledge, this has not been reported previously. We present the first case of an alpha-fetoprotein-producing transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis in a 70-year-old female.
UNLABELLED We have reported that increased glutamate concentrations in microdialysate of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be clue phenomena to elucidate mechanisms of neurotoxicity of intrathecal tetracaine. However, little is known about whether this is true for other local anesthetics. In this study, we compared the effects of local anesthetics on(More)
We have previously shown that renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines expressed a complex set of cadherins, e.g. E-cadherin, N-cadherin and cadherin-6. It is also reported that E-cadherin and cadherin-6 have a predictive value for estimating a patient's prognosis in RCC. However, E-cadherin is infrequently expressed in RCC as compared with N-cadherin and(More)
BACKGROUND Elastography is a diagnostic imaging technique that evaluates the hardness of a lesion. It is expected to become a new diagnostic modality for prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the usefulness of elastography in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. METHODS A total of 29 patients with untreated, histologically proven prostate(More)