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Unlike assistive technology for verbal communication, the brain-machine or brain-computer interface (BMI/BCI) has not been established as a non-verbal communication tool for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. Face-to-face communication enables access to rich emotional information, but individuals suffering from neurological disorders, such as ALS(More)
Although acute myocardial ischemia or infarction may induce the Bezold-Jarisch (BJ) reflex through the activation of serotonin receptors on vagal afferent nerves, the mechanism by which the BJ reflex modulates the dynamic characteristics of arterial pressure (AP) regulation is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the BJ reflex(More)
Automated drug-delivery systems that can tolerate various responses to therapeutic agents have been required to control hemodynamic variables with heart failure. This study is intended to evaluate the control performance of a multiple adaptive predictive control based on neural networks (MAPC(NN)) to regulate the unexpected responses to therapeutic agents(More)
A derivative-sigmoidal model reproduces operating point-dependent baroreflex neural arc transfer characteristics.—A cascade model comprised of a derivative filter followed by a nonlinear sigmoidal component reproduces the input size dependence of transfer gain in the baroreflex neural arc from baroreceptor pressure input to efferent sympathetic nerve(More)
The duration of the enhancement of choice reaction task efficiency by physical exercise at lactate threshold was studied. After healthy male students completed the exercise or nonexercise (control) period for 10 min., they performed a three-choice reaction task for 20 min. The mean heart rate during the choice reaction task after the exercise was higher(More)
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a major integrative center of cardiovascular reflexes that modulate vasomotor tone. The functions of Neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the RVLM on cardiorespiratory responses remain unknown. Arterial blood pressure (AP), heart rate (HR), splanchnic sympathetic (sSNA) and phrenic nerve activities, and responsiveness to(More)
Neuronal uptake is the most important mechanism by which norepinephrine (NE) is removed from the synaptic clefts at sympathetic nerve terminals. We examined the effects of neuronal NE uptake blockade on the dynamic sympathetic regulation of the arterial baroreflex because dynamic characteristics are important for understanding the system behavior in(More)