Koji Kadowaki

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Novel adjuvants and antigen-delivery systems with immunomodulatory properties that shift the allergenic Th2 response towards a Th1 or regulatory T cell response are desired for allergen-specific immunotherapy. This study demonstrates that 200-nm sized biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs) are activators of human(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether the association between shift work and hypertension is independent of weight gain. METHODS Subjects were 10,173 male employees (9209 daytime workers, 964 three-shift workers; mean follow-up period: 12.7 years). Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure 140 mm Hg or more or diastolic blood pressure 90 mm Hg or(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of shift working on the risk of developing impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS This study comprised 6413 male employees (5608 daytime workers, 512 3-shift workers and 293 2-shift workers) whose work schedules remained constant during the follow-up period (mean follow-up period 9.9(More)
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based tissue-engineered construct (TEC)-hydroxyapatite (HAp) composites were developed by an alternate soaking process. The TEC derived from cultured synovial MSCs was alternately immersed in varying concentrations of CaCl(2)/Tris-HCl and Na(2)HPO(4)/Tris-HCl buffers, and HAp formation was analyzed by Fourier transform infrared(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors investigated the effect of shift working on the risk of obesity using data from the Industry-based Shift Workers' Health (IbSH) study, a retrospective cohort study based on a health care database system belonging to a manufacturing corporation in Japan. METHODS The study database contains data on annual health check-ups and work(More)
Three-dimensional (3D)-layered blood vessel constructs consisting of human umbilical artery smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (ECs) were fabricated by hierarchical cell manipulation, and their basic morphology, histology and blood compatibility were evaluated in relation to the EC layers. For the hierarchical cell(More)
Various nanometer-sized multilayers were directly prepared onto the surface of mouse L929 fibroblast cells by a layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technique to control the cell surface microenvironment and cell functions, such as viability, morphology, and proliferation. The species of LbL nanofilms strongly affected the cell morphology and growth.(More)
BACKGROUND Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) is a key enzyme involved in pyrimidine nucleoside metabolism. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is the major catabolic enzyme of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). These are important enzymes in the pyrimidine salvage pathway and are considered to be key enzymes for determining the prognosis of patients with gastrointestinal(More)