Koji Ishihara

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Modifications to the cell wall of developing and ripening tomato fruit are mediated by cell wall-degrading enzymes, including a beta-d-xylosidase or alpha-l-arabinofuranosidase, which participate in the breakdown of xylans and/or arabinoxylans. The activity of both enzymes was highest during early fruit growth, before decreasing during later development and(More)
A cDNA encoding a homolog of mammalian serine racemase, a unique enzyme in eukaryotes, was isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana and expressed in Escherichia coli cells. The gene product, of which the amino acid residues for binding pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) are conserved in this as well as mammalian serine racemases, catalyzes not only serine racemization(More)
Thermal Z to E isomerization reactions of azobenzene and 4-dimethylamino-4'-nitroazobenzene were examined in three ionic liquids of general formula 1-R-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (R = butyl, pentyl, and hexyl). The first-order rate constants and activation energies for the reactions of azobenzene measured in these ionic liquids(More)
To establish a detailed reaction mechanism for the condensation between a boronic acid, RB(OH)2, and a diol, H2L, in aqueous solution, the acid dissociation constants (Ka(BL)) of boronic acid diol esters (HBLs) were determined based on the well-established concept of conditional formation constants of metal complexes. The pKa values of HBLs were 2.30, 2.77,(More)
Reactions of the head-to-head 2-pyridonato-bridged cis-diammineplatinum(III) dinuclear complex having nonequivalent two platinum atoms, Pt(N(2)O(2)) and Pt(N(4)), with p-styrenesulfonate, 2-methyl-2-propene-1-sulfonate, 4-penten-1-ol, and 4-pentyn-1-ol were studied kinetically. Under the pseudo first-order reaction conditions that the concentration of the(More)
When grasping an object, friction forces are sometimes utilized. Because of this friction forces, the object is manipulable to various direction. In this paper, we discuss which direction is best when contact points, the number of which is two in the 2D-space grasping or three in the 3D one, are assigned. To evaluate the object direction, we focus on the(More)
That boronic acid is a reactive species toward a diol moiety even in an alkaline solution and that the boronate ion is not very reactive were demonstrated by the estimated upper limit of the rate constants for the reactions of some boronic acids with 2,2'-biphenol and 2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene in a neutral-alkaline solution, which will correct a common(More)
The title cyclo-metalated platinum(II) complex with 2-(4-bromo-phen-yl)pyridinato and acetyl-acetonato ligands, [Pt(C11H7BrN)(C5H7O2)], consists of two crystallographically non-equivalent dimers, each stacked by π-π inter-actions with distances of ≃ 3.4 Å. In both dimers, the platinum(II) complexes are arranged anti-parallel to each other. Each complex(More)
There are several indications that brain is organized not on a basis of individual unreliable neurons, but on a micro-circuital scale providing Lego blocks employed to create complex architectures. At such an intermediate scale, the firing activity in the microcircuits is governed by collective effects emerging by the background noise soliciting spontaneous(More)