Learn More
Actin cytoskeleton reorganization is a fundamental process for actin-based cellular functions such as cytokinesis, phagocytosis, and chemotaxis. Regulating actin cytoskeleton reorganization is therefore an attractive approach to control endothelial and inflammatory cells function and to treat cardiovascular diseases. Here, we identified glia maturation(More)
Energy metabolism is the most fundamental capacity for mammals, impairment of which causes a variety of diseases such as type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. Here, we identified a novel gene, termed diabetes-related ankyrin repeat protein (DARP) that is up-regulated in the heart of KKA(y) mouse, a type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance model animal. DARP(More)
Prorenin is an enzymatically inactive precursor of renin, and its biological function in endothelial cells (ECs) is unknown despite its relevance with the incidence of diabetic microvascular complications. Recently, (pro)renin receptor was identified, and the receptor-associated prorenin system has been discovered, whereas its expression as well as function(More)
Cell adhesion molecules regulate a variety of endothelial cell functions such as migration, response to inflammation, and angiogenesis. Recently, activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM), a member of the Ig superfamily, has been detected in the primitive subsets of hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells during embryogenesis. ALCAM supports the(More)
Cumulative evidence indicates that mitochondrial dysfunction has a role in heart failure progression, but whether mitochondrial quality control mechanisms are involved in the development of cardiac dysfunction remains unclear. Here we show that cytosolic p53 impairs autophagic degradation of damaged mitochondria and facilitates mitochondrial dysfunction and(More)
Fermentation of L-(+)-lactic acid from soluble starch by Lactobacillus amylophilus was studied. The bacterium produced about 30 g of L-(+)-lactic acid from 50 g of soluble starch when the pH of the culture was ranging from pH 5 to pH 6.8 at 28°C. 53.4 g of L-(+)-lactic acid was produced when 100 g of starch was added in the medium. The fermentation(More)
Inhibition of tumor suppressor p53 is cardioprotective against ischemic injury and provides resistance to subsequent cardiac remodeling. We investigated p53-mediated expansion of ischemic damage with a focus on mitochondrial integrity in association with autophagy and apoptosis. p53(-/-) heart showed that autophagic flux was promoted under ischemia without(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular calcification is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Here, we investigated a role of dedifferentiated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in the atherosclerotic intimal calcification. METHODS AND RESULTS We prepared human cultured VSMCs in either redifferentiatiated or dedifferentiated state and analyzed the gene(More)
Endothelial apoptosis is a pivotal process for angiogenesis during embryogenesis as well as postnatal life. By using a retrovirus-mediated signal sequence trap method, we identified a previously undescribed gene, termed ARIA (apoptosis regulator through modulating IAP expression), which regulates endothelial apoptosis and angiogenesis. ARIA was expressed in(More)
Vascular calcification is a major risk factor for the cardiovascular disease, yet its underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Recently, we identified that osteogenic signals via bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 exerted by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play a crucial role in the formation of atherosclerotic plaque calcification.(More)