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With the goal of solving the whole-cell problem with Escherichia coli K-12 as a model cell, highly accurate genomes were determined for two closely related K-12 strains, MG1655 and W3110. Completion of the W3110 genome and comparison with the MG1655 genome revealed differences at 267 sites, including 251 sites with short, mostly single-nucleotide,(More)
Iliotibial band (ITB) syndrome is regarded as an overuse injury, common in runners and cyclists. It is believed to be associated with excessive friction between the tract and the lateral femoral epicondyle-friction which 'inflames' the tract or a bursa. This article highlights evidence which challenges these views. Basic anatomical principles of the ITB(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal treatment for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has not yet been established, particularly for individuals without diabetes. We examined the effects of metformin, commonly used to treat patients with type 2 diabetes, on liver pathology in a non-diabetic NASH mouse model. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Eight-week-old C57BL/6 mice were(More)
The Helix Research Institute (HRI) in Japan is releasing 4356 HUman Novel Transcripts and related information in the newly established HUNT database. The institute is a joint research project principally funded by the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry, and the clones were sequenced in the governmental New Energy and Industrial Technology(More)
The hematopoietic toxicity of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) and its metabolites, methoxy acetaldehyde (MALD) and methoxyacetic acid (MAA), was analyzed using human bone marrow cells from a lymphoma patient without bone marrow involvement and a human leukemia cell line, HL60. After 24-hour incubation, the concentrations of 50 percent inhibition(More)
A 31-year-old man was admitted to our hospital, complaining of muscular weakness and pain in the legs one month after a common cold. On admission, neurological examinations demonstrated moderate weakness in the arms and mild weakness in the legs with decreased or diminished deep tendon reflexes, and mild dysphagia. Weakness was gradually extended to the(More)
PURPOSE Pleurodesis is performed in patients demonstrating air leakage after lung resection and in those with pneumothorax who must avoid surgery. However, there have so far been very few reports of pleurodesis with 50 % glucose. We herein examined the feasibility and effectiveness of this novel pleurodesis technique. METHODS Thirty-five patients after(More)
We experienced an unusual case of a 15-year-old girl who suffered acute bilateral blindness caused by a frontal lobe tumour. She underwent emergent operation, after which her vision recovered. This case emphasizes that a brain mass can cause sudden onset blindness and an emergency intervention might save the patient's sight.
Spontaneous recanalization of the occluded cerebral arteries has occasionally occurred in an acute phase of stroke patients. We report a stroke patient with recanalization at 7 days of onset detected by using continuous transcranial Doppler (TCD) monitoring. After the presence of microembolic signals on TCD display, dynamic flow changes of the middle(More)