Koji Hayakawa

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The isolation of stable trophoblast stem (TS) cell lines from early mouse embryos has provided a useful cell culture model to study trophoblast development. TS cells are derived from pre-implantation blastocysts or from the extraembryonic ectoderm of early post-implantation embryos. The derivation and maintenance of mouse TS cells is dependent upon(More)
Mammalian oocytes contain the histone H1foo, a distinct member with low sequence similarity to other members in the H1 histone family. Oocyte-specific H1foo exists until the second embryonic cell stage. H1foo is essential for oocyte maturation in mice; however, the molecular function of this H1 subtype is unclear. To explore the function of H1foo, we(More)
The molecular mechanism by which sperm triggers Ca2+ oscillation, oocyte activation, and early embryonic development has not been clarified. Recently, oocyte activation has been shown to be induced by sperm-specific phospholipase Czeta (PLCzeta). The ability of PLCzeta to induce oocyte activation is highly conserved across vertebrates. In the present study,(More)
In this study, we examined the effects of inhibitors of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), caspase activity, intracellular Ca(2+) chelator and mitochondrial Ca(2+) uniporter on survival assessed by morphological observation and in vitro maturation (IVM) of porcine vitrified germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes. When vitrified GV oocytes were matured only(More)
The orexin system plays a central role in the integration of sleep/wake and feeding behaviors in a broad spectrum of neural-metabolic physiology. Orexin-A and orexin-B are produced by the cleavage of prepro-orexin, which is encoded on the Hcrt gene. To date, methods for generating other peptide neurons could not induce orexin neurons from pluripotent stem(More)
The first cell differentiation in the mammalian development separates the trophoblast and embryonic cell lineages, resulting in the formation of the trophectoderm (TE) and inner cell mass (ICM) in blastocysts. Although a lower level of global DNA methylation in the genome of the TE compared with ICM has been suggested, the dynamics of the DNA methylation(More)
Much of the DNA in genomes is organized within gene families and hierarchies of gene superfamilies. DNA methylation is the main epigenetic event involved in gene silencing and genome stability. In the present study, we analyzed the DNA methylation status of the prolactin (PRL) superfamily to obtain insight into its tissue-specific expression and the(More)
The regulation of transcription and genome stability by epigenetic systems are crucial for the proper development of mammalian embryos. Chemicals that disturb epigenetic systems are termed epimutagens. We previously performed chemical screening that focused on heterochromatin formation and DNA methylation status in mouse embryonic stem cells and identified(More)
We investigated the effects of drought stress on the ultrastructure of chloroplasts in rice plants. After the seedlings were grown in a glasshouse for 1 month, they were treated for drought stress using two methods. One drought treatment was imposed by reducing the water supply to the plants for 1 month. The other was imposed by withholding water for 2(More)