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EL5, a rice gene responsive to N-acetylchitooligosaccharide elicitor, encodes a RING-H2 finger protein with structural features common to the plant-specific ATL family. We show that the fusion protein of EL5 with maltose binding protein (MBP) was polyubiquitinated by incubation with ubiquitin, ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1), and the Ubc4/5 subfamily of(More)
Molecular interactions of the three plastoquinone electron acceptors, QA, QB, and QC, in photosystem II (PSII) were studied by fragment molecular orbital (FMO) calculations. Calculations at the FMO-MP2/6-31G level using PSII models deduced from the X-ray structure of the PSII complexes from Thermosynechococcus elongatus provided the binding energies of QA,(More)
GLUT4 shows decreased levels in failing human adult hearts. We speculated that GLUT4 expression in cardiac muscle may be fine-tuned by microRNAs. Forced expression of miR-133 decreased GLUT4 expression and reduced insulin-mediated glucose uptake in cardiomyocytes. A computational miRNA target prediction algorithm showed that KLF15 is one of the targets of(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction is associated with hypertrophy of surviving myocytes and represents a major process that leads to heart failure. One of the intrinsic histone acetyltransferases, p300, serves as a coactivator of hypertrophy-responsive transcriptional factors such as a cardiac zinc finger protein GATA-4(More)
Photochemically active photosystem (PS) I complexes were purified from the chlorophyll (Chl) d-dominated cyanobacterium Acaryochloris marina MBIC 11017, and several of their properties were characterized. PS I complexes consist of 11 subunits, including PsaK1 and PsaK2; a new small subunit was identified and named Psa27. The new subunit might replace the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA that post-transcriptionally regulates gene expression. miR-143 has been proposed to play a role in the differentiation of adipocytes in culture. However, the mechanism regulating the expression of miR-143 in adult adipose tissue during the development of obesity in vivo is unknown. Here in, we showed that the(More)
A variety of stresses on the heart initiate a number of subcellular signaling pathways, which finally reach the nuclei of cardiac myocytes and cause myocyte hypertrophy with heart failure. However, common nuclear pathways that lead to this state are unknown. A zinc finger protein, GATA-4, is one of the transcription factors that mediate changes in gene(More)
The sensor of blue-light using FAD (BLUF) domain is the flavin-binding fold categorized to a new class of blue-light sensing domain found in AppA from Rhodobacter sphaeroides and PAC from Euglena gracilis, but little is known concerning the mechanism of blue-light perception. An open reading frame slr1694 in a cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803(More)
The mechanisms that lead from obesity to atherosclerotic disease are not fully understood. Obesity involves angiogenesis in which vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) plays a key role. On the other hand, vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) plays a pivotal role in lymphangiogenesis. Circulating levels of VEGF-A and VEGF-C are elevated in(More)