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EL5, a rice gene responsive to N-acetylchitooligosaccharide elicitor, encodes a RING-H2 finger protein with structural features common to the plant-specific ATL family. We show that the fusion protein of EL5 with maltose binding protein (MBP) was polyubiquitinated by incubation with ubiquitin, ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1), and the Ubc4/5 subfamily of(More)
GLUT4 shows decreased levels in failing human adult hearts. We speculated that GLUT4 expression in cardiac muscle may be fine-tuned by microRNAs. Forced expression of miR-133 decreased GLUT4 expression and reduced insulin-mediated glucose uptake in cardiomyocytes. A computational miRNA target prediction algorithm showed that KLF15 is one of the targets of(More)
Molecular interactions of the three plastoquinone electron acceptors, QA, QB, and QC, in photosystem II (PSII) were studied by fragment molecular orbital (FMO) calculations. Calculations at the FMO-MP2/6-31G level using PSII models deduced from the X-ray structure of the PSII complexes from Thermosynechococcus elongatus provided the binding energies of QA,(More)
Doxorubicin is an anti-tumor agent that represses cardiac-specific gene expression and induces myocardial cell apoptosis. Doxorubicin depletes cardiac p300, a transcriptional coactivator that is required for the maintenance of the differentiated phenotype of cardiac myocytes. However, the role of p300 in protection against doxorubicin-induced apoptosis is(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction is associated with hypertrophy of surviving myocytes and represents a major process that leads to heart failure. One of the intrinsic histone acetyltransferases, p300, serves as a coactivator of hypertrophy-responsive transcriptional factors such as a cardiac zinc finger protein GATA-4(More)
Accumulating data support the idea that apoptosis in cardiac myocytes, in part, contributes to the development of heart failure. Since a number of neurohormonal factors are activated in this state, these factors may be involved in the positive and negative regulation of apoptosis in cardiac myocytes. Norepinephrine is one such factor and induces apoptosis(More)
Photochemically active photosystem (PS) I complexes were purified from the chlorophyll (Chl) d-dominated cyanobacterium Acaryochloris marina MBIC 11017, and several of their properties were characterized. PS I complexes consist of 11 subunits, including PsaK1 and PsaK2; a new small subunit was identified and named Psa27. The new subunit might replace the(More)
The mechanisms that lead from obesity to atherosclerotic disease are not fully understood. Obesity involves angiogenesis in which vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) plays a key role. On the other hand, vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) plays a pivotal role in lymphangiogenesis. Circulating levels of VEGF-A and VEGF-C are elevated in(More)
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, using midfrequency S2/S1 FTIR difference spectra, has been applied to studies of chloride cofactor in the photosynthetic oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) to determine the effects of Cl(-) depletion and monovalent anion substitution. Cl(-) depletion resulted in the disappearance of a large part of the amide I and(More)