Learn More
The effects of neurotrophic factors on translational activation were investigated in cortical neurons. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) increased protein synthesis within 30 min, whereas insulin produced a weaker enhancement of protein synthesis. BDNF-triggered protein synthesis was inhibited by LY294002, PD98059, and rapamycin, whereas the effect(More)
UNLABELLED Urethane is widely used as an anesthetic for animal studies because of its minimal effects on cardiovascular and respiratory systems and maintenance of spinal reflexes. Despite its usefulness in animal research, there are no reports concerning its molecular actions. We designed this study to determine whether urethane affects(More)
The evolution of EEG, visual and auditory evoked responses (VER and AER) and sleep is described in three cases of semilobar holoprosencephaly. During the neonatal period, the waking EEG was characterized by almost continuous high amplitude rhythmic alpha-theta activity in case 1 and 2, which became discontinuous during quiet sleep. Moderate amplitude(More)
Effects of the intravenous anaesthetic ketamine on the desipramine-sensitive noradrenaline transporter (NAT) were examined in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells and in transfected Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing the bovine NAT (bNAT). Incubation (1-3 h) of adrenal medullary cells with ketamine (10-300 microM) caused an increase in appearance of(More)
The classification of the background EEG was performed in 132 fullterm neonates who had suffered perinatal hypoxia by visual inspection of whole polygraphic records of 2--3 h duration, i.e., maximally depressed, markedly depressed, moderately depressed, mildly depressed, minimally depressed, normal and other, according to the distribution of 7 EEG patterns.(More)
OBJECTIVE The existence of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in SF was previously reported. However, the behaviour and properties of MSCs derived from SF have not been fully elucidated. METHODS Human SFs were obtained from 19 knee joints with anterior cruciate ligament injury around the time of reconstruction surgery, and from three healthy volunteers. SF was(More)
BACKGROUND Some of the effects of ethanol in the central nervous system are due to changes in function of ligand-gated ion channels. Production of detectable amounts of acetaldehyde, a primary metabolite of ethanol, has been demonstrated in brain homogenates. The aim of this study was to determine whether central actions that are often attributed to ethanol(More)
The electroencephalographic features and their evolutional changes with age were described in three cases of lissencephaly syndrome diagnosed by CT scan. The case with more severe lissencephaly displayed very similar EEG findings. In early or middle infancy when infantile spasms began, EEG showed very high amplitude (more than 400 microV) slow waves mixed(More)
We recently demonstrated that blood-brain barrier permeabilization using mannitol enhances the therapeutic efficacy of systemically administered human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) by facilitating the entry of neurotrophic factors from the periphery into the adult stroke brain. Here, we examined whether the same blood-brain barrier manipulation approach(More)